Current affairs (25TH JANUARY)
UP GOVERNMENT LAUNCHED UDYAM SARATHI APP
- Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister, Yogi Adityanath has launched the ‘Udyam Sarathi App’ on the occasion of the 71st Foundation Day of the state, on 24 January 2021.
- The app will enable the youths to get every information related to self-employment and the job industry, across the state.
- The Uttar Pradesh Day celebration will run from 24 January to 26 January 2021. The theme of Uttar Pradesh Day 2021 is ‘Respect for self-reliant Uttar Pradesh, women young farmers, development of all’.
- Udyam Sarathi App will comprise of a varied range of data regarding business opportunities in different departments and sectors, including the state and Central governments, and anywhere and at any time. It has been launched under the One District One Product (ODOP) scheme.
CHINA: WORLD'S LARGEST CURRENT ACCOUNT SURPLUS
- China overtook Germany to become the country with the world’s largest current account surplus in the year 2020, as per a survey by the Munich-based Ifo institute.
- The current account surplus of China more than doubled to $310 billion in 2020, while the current account surplus of Germany shrank for the fifth year in a row in 2020 to $261 billion.
- The data underlines a tectonic shift in world trade triggered by the coronavirus crisis as higher demand across the globe for medical protection gear and electronic devices boosted Chinese exports.
- The United States remained the country with the world’s largest current account deficit which rose roughly by a third to $635 billion in 2020 or 3.1% of economic output.
- Japan ranked third with a current account surplus of $158 billion. Ifo (Information and Forschung) Institute for Economic Research is a research institution based in Munich, Germany, which analyses economic policy.
PM OF MONGOLIA AND HIS CABINET RESIGNED
- The Prime Minister of Mongolia, Khurelsukh Ukhnaa, has resigned along with his entire government, following protests and public outrage over the government’s handling of the COVID-19 pandemic.
- The 52-year-old served as the Prime Minister of Mongolia from 4 October 2017 to 21 January 2021.
- Prime Minister Khurelsukh Ukhnaa has submitted his resignation and a proposal to dissolve his government after hundreds gathered outside the parliament building to demonstrate against the policies.
- Parliament, which is controlled by Khurelsukh’s Mongolian People’s Party, voted overwhelmingly to accept his resignation.
- Mongolia Capital: Ulaanbaatar.
- Mongolia President: Khaltmaagiin Battulga.
- Mongolia Currency: Mongolian Togrog.
INDIA'S LONGEST FREIGHT TRAINS SETS A NEW RECORD
- The South-East Central Railways (SECR) zone in Chhattisgarh breaks its own previous record by successfully operating the longest ever freight train by amalgamating five rakes of goods trains as one unit of around 3.5 km.
- Named as ‘Vasuki’, it covered the distance of 224 km between the railway stations of Bhilai and Korba and took about seven hours.
- The ‘Vasuki’, comprising of 300 wagons of long haul rake of five goods trains, ran with the help of one pilot, one assistant loco pilot and a guard.
- South East Central Railway (SECR) zone has also operated two freight trains recently. These freight trains got attention due to their length.
- The two freight trains were ‘Sesh Naag’ and ‘Super Anaconda’. Super Anaconda was a fully loaded three rake combined freight train. ‘Sesh Naag’ was a 2.8km long four empty BOXN rakes train combined together.
BSF LAUNCHED OPERATION 'SARD HAWA' IN RAJASTHAN
- The Border Security Force (BSF) has launched “Operation Sard Hawa” on the western international border of Rajasthan.
- The Operations aims to check the instances of infiltration due to the dense fog cover in the region and increase security on the border areas in Jaisalmer.
- The week-long operation has been launched on 21 January 2021 and will continue till 27 January 2021, keeping in view Republic Day of India.
- BSF Director General: Rakesh Asthana.
- BSF Headquarters: New Delhi.
NATIONAL VOTER'S DAY: 25TH JANUARY
- India observes “National Voters’ Day” every year on January 25 to encourage more young voters to take part in the political process.
- 2021 marks the 11th National Voters’ Day (NVD). The theme of NVD 2021 is, ‘Making Our Voters Empowered, Vigilant, Safe and Informed’.
- The day has been started from January 25, 2011, to mark the Foundation day of Election Commission of India (ECI), which was established on 25th January 1950.
- 1st Chief Election Commissioner of Independent India- Sukumar Sen.
- Sunil Arora is the current 23rd Chief Election Commissioner.
INTERNATIONAL DAY OF EDUCATION: 24TH JANUARY
- The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 24 January as International Day of Education, in celebration of the role of education for peace and development.
- The first-ever International Day of Education was celebrated on 24 January 2019 as per the resolution passed by the United Nations General Assembly on December 3rd 2018 to celebrate the role of education in development.
- The third International Day of Education will be marked under the theme ‘Recover and Revitalize Education for the COVID-19 Generation’.
- Now is the time to power education by stepping up collaboration and international solidarity to place education and lifelong learning at the centre of the recovery.
NATIONAL GIRL CHILD DAY: 24TH JANUARY
- In India, the National Girl Child Day (NGCD) is observed annually on January 24. The day aims to focus on the inequalities faced by girls, to promote the education, health & nutrition of the girl child, and to spread awareness about the rights of a girl child.
- The day was observed for the first time in 2008 as an initiative by the Ministry of Women and Child Development and the Government of India.
- The day was initiated by the Ministry of Women and Child Development to:
- Spread awareness among people about all the inequalities faced by girls in the country. Promote awareness about the rights of a girl child. Increase awareness on the importance of girl education, health, and nutrition.
- Minister of Women and Child Development: Smriti Zubin Irani.