Current affairs (28TH march)
HARSH VARDHAN LAUNCHED 'TRIBAL TB INITIATIVE'
- Health Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan has launched the ‘Tribal TB Initiative’ in pursuit of TB Mukt Bharat.
- The government accords top priority to ensuring Universal Access to free treatment and care for TB across the country.
- A Guidance Note on Joint Action Plan for Tuberculosis (TB) Elimination, a Special Edition of Tribal Ministry’s Publication ‘ALEKH’ on TB, and a document on Tribal Tuberculosis (TB) Initiative was also released at the event.
- Over ten crore tribal population is living with a huge diversity in their population dynamics. He said the government has already increased the Budget allocation for TB in India four-fold in the last five years.
- Dr Harsh Vardhan said the Union Territories of Lakshadweep and the district of Badgam in Jammu and Kashmir have been declared TB Free on World TB Day this year. During the function, Tribal Affairs Minister Arjun Munda was also present.
WORLD BANK RELEASED WORLD DEVELOPMENT REPORT
- The “World Development Report 2021: Data for Better Lives” was released by the World Bank.
- The World Development Report focuses on how data can improve the lives of poor people and advance development objectives, to ensure no one is left behind.
- It highlights the tremendous potential of the changing data landscape to improve the lives of poor people, at the same time acknowledging its potential to open back doors that can harm individuals, businesses, and societies.
- Through this report, the World Bank aims to support its client countries by identifying where public and private sector investments are the most critical, defining a rich program for policy reform and technical assistance, and highlighting areas in which global initiatives can help to convene and facilitate cross-border cooperation.
- World Bank Headquarters: Washington, D.C., United States.
- World Bank Formation: July 1944.
- World Bank President: David Malpass.
ERITREA WITHDRAW TROOPS FROM TIGRAY
- Eritrea will withdraw its troops from the Tigray area in northern Ethiopia, This is a potential breakthrough in a protracted conflict that has occurred in atrocities against civilians.
- The Tigray region is the northernmost of the nine regions (Kililat) in Ethiopia. It is the hometown of the people of Tigrayan, Irob and Kunama.
- According to the Federal Constitution, it is also called Region 1. The capital and largest city:
- It borders Eritrea to the north, Sudan to the west, the Amhara region to the south, and the Afar region to the east and southeast.
IUCN STATUS FOR AFRICAN ELEPHANTS
- The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) declared African Forest elephants and Savanna (or jungle) elephants to be "critically endangered" and "endangered" respectively.
- Earlier, African elephants were considered a single species and were classified as "Vulnerable." This is the first time that these two species have been individually assessed by the IUCN Red List.
- The African elephant is the largest terrestrial animal on earth and they are slightly larger than Asian elephants. They have two finger-like features at the ends of their trunks, while Asian elephants have only one.
- Elephants are matriarchal, which means they live in female-dominated groups. African elephants are a key species, which means they play a vital role in their ecosystems. Elephants are also known as "ecosystem engineers" and can shape their habitat in many ways.
- The elephant's pregnancy time is nearly 22 months longer than that of any other mammal Since there are not enough calves to make up for the losses caused by poaching, the problem of protection is increased.
- There are two subspecies of African elephants Savanna elephants (or jungle elephants) and Forest elephants.
BLOCKAGE OF SUEZ CANAL
- The Department of Commerce has formulated a Four Point Plan to solve the blocking problem of the Suez Canal.
- A four-point plan was developed to deal with the situation caused by the blockage of the Suez Canal. The plan has been formulated by the Logistics Division of the Department of Commerce. The plan includes:
- Priority of cargo: The Federation of Indian Export Organizations (FIEO), MPEDA and APEDA will jointly determine the priority of cargo, especially perishable cargo, and cooperate with the shipping company.
- Freight Rates: The Container Shipping Lines Association (CSLA) guarantees that it will comply with the existing contract freight rates. The shipping company has been asked to maintain stable freight rates during the crisis.
- Port consultation: After the blockade is over, some clustering is expected, especially in JNPT, Mundra and Hazra ports. The Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways pledged to issue consultations to these ports to expedite arrangements and ensure effective processing during the upcoming peak period.
HDFC BANK AS INDIA'S BEST BANK FOR SME
- HDFC Bank has adjudged the ‘India’s Best Bank for SMEs’ at the Asiamoney Best Bank Awards 2021.
- In its evaluation, the magazine said on its website – “HDFC Bank’s transformation of its micro, small and medium-sized enterprise (MSME) business over the past few years makes it a worthy winner of this award.”
- The Annual Best Banks survey of the financial magazine based in Hong Kong aims to identify which banks in each market have excelled across a range of core banking activities over the past 12 months.
- Asiamoney’s award decisions were made by a team of senior journalists after receiving detailed submissions from market participants and in conjunction with research into the banking and capital markets by our editorial committee.
- Senior editors also visited each country or territory to meet leading bankers and gather client and competitor feedback.
- Headquarters of HDFC Bank: Mumbai, Maharashtra.
- MD and CEO of HDFC Bank: Sashidhar Jagdishan(Succeeds Aditya Puri).
- The tagline of HDFC Bank: We understand your world.
GWEC RELEASED GLOBAL WIND REPORT 2021
- Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, the year 2020 was the best year in history for the global wind industry as this sector installed 93GW of new capacity in 2020, according to a new report titled ‘Global Wind Report 2021, released by the Global Wind Energy Council.
- This is the 16th annual flagship report, released by GWEC on March 25, 2021. The 93GW represents a 53% year-on-year increase.
- The global wind power market increased four times in size over the past decade but the record growth was seen in 2020. This increase was driven by a surge of installations in China and the US alone.
- Together, the US and China installed 75% of new installations in 2020 and account for over half of the world’s total wind power capacity.
- In the current scenario, 743GW of wind power capacity has been installed worldwide, which is helping to avoid over 1.1 billion tonnes of CO2 annually.
- However, GWEC’s report shows that the current rate of wind power installed will not be enough to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.
- The world needs to install a minimum of 180 GW of new wind energy every single year to limit global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels. Similarly, it will need to increase the capacity to 280GW annually to meet the net-zero emission targets by 2050.
- Global Wind Energy Council Headquarters: Brussels, Belgium
- Global Wind Energy Council CEO: Ben Backwell
- Global Wind Energy Council Founded: 2005.