Current affairs (29TH march)
MOC SIGNED BETWEEN INDIA & JAPAN
- Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) signed between Japan and India in the field of water resources was approved by the Union Cabinet.
- The MoC was signed by the Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Ministry of Jal Shakti, Government of India,and the Water Disaster Management, Ministry of Land, Transport, Infrastructure and Tourism of Japan.
- The Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) is to develop long-term cooperation in the fields of water and delta management and water technology to increase the exchange of information, knowledge, technology and scientific joint experience, and to implement joint projects between the two countries.
- The Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) support in improving irrigation facilities, achieving water security and the sustainability of water resources development.
BANGLADESH CELEBRATED 50 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE
- Bangladesh celebrates 50 years of its Independence and National Day on 26 March, coinciding with the grand celebration of the birth centenary of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
- On March 26, 1971, Bangladesh was proclaimed as an independent nation by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and this led to Bangladesh Liberation War when war ensued between Pakistan and Bangladesh liberation forces with Indian support.
- It was 50 years ago on the night of March 25, 1971, that Pakistan’s military launched a violent crackdown on the city of Dhaka, then part of East Pakistan, to quell a rising nationalist movement seeking independence for what is today known as Bangladesh.
- The fight for independence can be traced back to Britain’s colonial rule of the Indian subcontinent and the new nations that were carved out after its end in 1947.
- There were India and Pakistan, the latter split into West Pakistan and East Pakistan. The war would rage until December when India joined on the side of Bangladesh. Finally, on December 16, 1971, Pakistan forces surrendered and Bangladesh celebrated its freedom.
RUSSIA LAUNCHED 38 SATELLITES FROM 18 COUNTRIES
- Russia has successfully put 38 satellites from 18 countries into orbit from the Baikonur Astronomical Museum in Kazakhstan.
- The Russian space agency Roscosmos released a video showing its Soyuz rocket launched under a gray and cloudy sky. The rocket successfully put satellites of countries including Japan, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Canada, Italy, Germany and Brazil into orbit.
- The launcher also launched the Challenge 1 Satellite, the first satellite fully manufactured in Tunisia manufactured by the Telnet Telecom Group.
- The Soyuz is a series of Soviet expendable launch systems developed by OKB-1. It was manufactured by the Progress Rocket Space Center in Samar located in Russia.
- This is the most commonly used launch vehicle(LV) in the world. These vehicles are used as launchers for the Soyuz manned spacecraft under the Soyuz program.
- In 2018, Russia launched a Soyuz rocket carrying Russian astronauts and NASA astronauts. However, the mission failed during the flight, and the crew had to make an emergency landing.
CABINET APPRISED THE NATIONAL HEALTH MISSION
- The Cabinet was informed of the progress of the National Health Mission (NHM) for 2019-20. The new initiatives introduced by NHM in 2019-20 are:
- SAANS Initiative: The Social Awareness and Action for Neutralize Pneumonia Successfully (SAANS) initiative was launched to accelerate the action to reduce the number of deaths from childhood pneumonia.
- SUMAN Initiative: The Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan (SUMAN) initiative was launched with the goal of providing guaranteed, dignified, respectable and high-quality medical care for free, with zero tolerance for denial of service; all existing schemes for maternal and newborn care are all in one package.
- Midwifery Services Initiative: The need of this is to create a cadre of Nurse Practitioners in Midwifery who are skilled, knowledgeable and able to provide compassionate women-centered, reproductive, maternal and newborn health care services prescribed by the International Federation of Midwives (ICM).
- School Health and Wellness Ambassadors Initiative: This program was initiated in cooperation with the Ministry of Education under the AB-HWCs program, and aims to promote health and well-being through active lives among school children.
EXTENSION OF PROJECT MAUSAM TILL MARCH 2023
- The Mausam Project has now been extended to March 31, 2023. The " Mausam " project is a project of the Ministry of Culture, with the Archaeological Society of India, New Delhi (ASI) as the nodal institution and the Indira Gandhi National Art Center (IGNCA) in New Delhi as its research department.
- The project aims to explore the multi-faceted Indian Ocean world-organizing archaeological and historical research to document the diversity of Indian Ocean cultural, commercial and religious interactions.
- The main purpose of this project is to identify places and sites under the Mausam Project as a transnational nomination for inclusion in the UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
- The central themes that unite the " Mausam " project are cultural routes and marine landscapes, which not only connect different parts of the Indian Ocean coast, but also connect the coastal center with the hinterland.
- More importantly, the shared knowledge system and ideas spread along these channels and affected coastal centers and most areas.
EU, US, UK & CANADA IMPOSED SANCTIONS ON CHINA
- The European Union, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada imposed sanctions on Chinese officials and entities to violate the human rights of Uighurs and other Muslim minorities in Xinjiang Province.
- Sanctions in the European Union, the United Kingdom and Canada include travel bans and asset freezes.
- The concerted efforts of Western powers are of great significance. This is the first time the EU has imposed sanctions on China since the arms embargo was imposed after the Tiananmen Square crackdown in 1989.
- The blockade still exists. EU sanctions show that the position of its largest trading partner has been strengthened.
- China has consistently denied all reports of Uighurs atrocities, believing that China is only "democratizing" some of its population for security reasons.
INT. DAY OF REMEMBRANCE OF VICTIMS OF SLAVERY
- March 25th of each and every year is the designated as International day of the victims of slavery and the transatlantic slave trade.
- In this speech, the chief executive of the United Nations emphasized that the harmful and lasting consequences of slavery must be addressed.
- He also called for a new commitment to a world where all people can live in peace, dignity and opportunity. The anniversary is the annual international anniversary designed by the United Nations on March 25, 2007.
- Commemorate this anniversary and commemorate those who suffered and died as a result of the "transatlantic slave trade." This is known as the worst human rights violation in history.
- In the transatlantic slave trade, the victims for more than 4 million years were 15 million men, women and children. The day also aims to raise awareness of the dangers of racism and prejudice today.
- This day is the first anniversary in 2008 with the theme of "breaking the silence, lest we forget". The theme for 2015 is "Women and Slavery". The year 2015 denoted the starting of the United Nations International Decade for People of African Descent.
- To commemorate this, a permanent memorial was opened at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, entitled "Return to the Ark". It was designed by the Haitian-American architect Rodney Leon.
- As of 2016, it is estimated that more than 40.3 million people have been enslaved in modern forms. 71% of them are women and girls. In addition, children accounted for a quarter of slaves.
- In the Covid-19 pandemic, modern slavery has further attracted attention due to reduced job opportunities, frequent immigration, increased poverty and reduced inspections of labor standards.
- The pandemic has made people vulnerable and is prompting more people to engage in exploited jobs.