Read : Current Affairs: 30th & 31st March, 2021

Posted on :- 2021-04-05 11:20:36
Source :- The Hindu Newspaper


Current affairs (30TH & 31St march)





  • President Joe Biden has invited 40 world leaders, including Prime Minister Narendra Modi, to a US-hosted virtual summit on climate next month to underscore the urgency and the economic benefits of stronger climate action.


  • Biden will host a two-day climate summit of world leaders starting on Earth Day, April 22, in which he will outline the US goal for reductions of carbon emissions by 2030, known as the nationally determined contribution under the historic Paris accord.


  • The White House said a total of 40 world leaders, including Prime Minister Modi, Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin, were invited to the conference, which will be live-streamed to the public.


  • Other leaders invited for the summit include Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Saudi Arabia King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud and UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson.


  • Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and Bhutanese Prime Minister Lotay Tshering are the other two leaders from South Asia to be invited for the mega-conference.




  • India and Bangladesh have signed five Memorandum of Understanding (MoUs) to further boost bilateral cooperation.


  • The signing of the MoUs took place on 27 March 2021, between Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and her Indian counterpart Narendra Modi in Dhaka.


  • Indian PM Narendra Modi was on a two-day official visit to Bangladesh to join the twin celebrations of Bangladeshi Founding Father Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman’s birth centenary and the golden jubilee of Bangladesh’s independence in 1971.


  • This is the first trip of PM Modi to a foreign country since the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic.


MoUs were signed in the following areas


  • Disaster management, resilience, and mitigation.
  • Cooperation between Bangladesh National Cadet Corps (BNCC) and National Cadet Corps of India (INCC).
  • Establishment of a framework of cooperation in the area of trade remedial measures between Bangladesh and India.
  • Supply of ICT equipment, courseware, and reference books and training for Bangladesh-Bharat Digital Service & Employment and Training (BDSET) Centre. Establishment of sports facilities in Rajshahi College field and surrounding areas.


  • India gifted 109 ambulances to Bangladesh as well as 1.2 million doses of the Covishield vaccine. India released a silver coin to commemorate 50 years of the establishment of diplomatic ties between the two countries.


  • Bangladesh released a gold coin to commemorate the Mujib Borsho (the birth centenary of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and 50 years of the Bangladesh war of liberation).





  • The 11th edition of Indo-US joint Special Forces exercises Vajra Prahar 2021 was conducted at Special Forces training school located at Bakloh, in Himachal Pradesh.


  • The exercise ‘Vajra Prahar’ is aimed at sharing best practices and experiences in areas such as joint mission planning and operational tactics.


  • The exercise was aimed at improving interoperability between the special forces of the two countries.


  • The armies of participating nations jointly train, plan and execute a series of operations for neutralisation of threats of varied nature with a common aim of countering threats of international terrorism through mutual training and jointness.



  • New Zealand’s parliament has passed legislation giving mothers and their partners the right to paid leave following a miscarriage or stillbirth, becoming only the second country in the world to do so. India is the only other country with similar legislation.


  • The leave provisions apply to mothers, their partners as well as parents planning to have a child through adoption or surrogacy. One in four New Zealand women has had a miscarriage.


  • The bill will give women and their partners time to come to terms with their loss without having to tap into sick leave.


  • Because their grief is not a sickness, it is a loss. New Zealand was the first country in the world to give voting rights to women and has been a pioneer on issues around woman’s rights.


  • Prime minister of New Zealand: Jacinda Ardern.
  • Capital of New Zealand: Wellington.
  • The currency of New Zealand: New Zealand dollar.



  • India’s First Indo-Korean Friendship Park was jointly inaugurated at Delhi Cantonment by Hon’ble Raksha Mantri, Shri Rajnath Singh, and Hon’ble Minister of National Defence, Republic of Korea Mr Suh Wook.


  • The park has been developed in joint consultation with the Ministry of Defence, the Government of India, the Indian Army, the Delhi Cantonment Board, the Embassy of Korea and the Korean War Veterans Association of India.


  • Besides being a symbol of strong India-South Korea friendly relations, this park will also act as a monument to India’s contributions as part of 21 countries that participated in the Korean war 1950-53, under the aegis of the United Nations.


  • South Korea Capital: Seoul
  • South Korea President: Moon Jae-in
  • South Korea Currency: South Korean won




  • Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare, Dr Harsh Vardhan, addressed the 7th annual summit of NATHEALTH.


  • The summit focused on ‘Indian Health system expansion in post-COVID era’. While addressing the summit the minister reiterated the commitments of the government for fulfilling the goal of Health for all.


  • The primary vision of the policy-framework is to attain highest possible level of health and well-being for all irrespective of all age groups.


  • To attain this vision, the policy emphasizes on preventive & promotive aspects of health and providing universal access to good quality healthcare services.


  • Government also launched Ayushman Bharat program with the objective of providing Universal Free Access to primary health care, promoting health and wellbeing.


  • Union Budget 2021-22 also identifies Health as one of the six main pillars to drive growth. It has adopted a holistic approach towards health and wellbeing with a financial allocation of Rs 2,23,846 crore in 2021-22.


  • It accounts for an increase of 137% over 2020-2021. To achieve the objectives of the policy, the government is working towards increasing health expenditure by 2.5 % of GDP 2025.


  • The government is also encouraging State Governments to increase State sector health spending to 8% of the State’s GDP.




  • The awards for the 66th annual Filmfare awards were announced. The event was hosted by actors Rajkummar Rao and Riteish Deshmukh.


  • Despite the difficulties the film industry faced during 2020 as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic, Filmfare decided it was important to commemorate the best of Indian cinema.


  • Among the winners was the late Irrfan Khan, who won the award for best actor in a leading role (male) category, while Amitabh Bachchan bagged the best actor (critics) Award.


List of Bollywood celebrities, who won big at the 66th Filmfare Awards 2021:                 


  • Best Film: Thappad
  • Best Film (Critics): Prateek Vats (Eeb Allay Ooo!)
  • Best Director: Om Raut (Tanhaji: The Unsung Warrior)
  • Best Actor in a Lead Role (MALE): Irrfan Khan (Angrezi Medium)
  • Best Actor (Critics): Amitabh Bachchan (Gulabo Sitabo)
  • Best Actor in a Lead Role (Female): Taapsee Pannu (Thappad)
  • Best Actress (Critics): Tillotama Shome (SIR)




  • Union Bank of India has launched “UNI – CARBON CARD”, an HPCL co-branded credit card on the Rupay platform of NPCI.


  • It is a unique card designed with association with one of the largest Public Sector Bank, Union Bank of India and HPCL, a leader in the fuel retail and Rupay – India’s largest card payment network. It will create an opportunity to create value for the customers.


  • The Bank is having a total network of 9590+ branches and 13280+ ATMs across India, this co-branded credit card is a Bank’s maiden joint venture.


  • While using this card at HPCL retail outlets, the cardholder gets Cashback/Rewards in addition to the waiver of fuel surcharge provided by the Bank.


  • Cardholders will be able to enjoy many freebies and offer brought out by NPCI such as Entertainment, Lifestyle, Travel, Shopping, Food delivery, etc.,


  • The card is offered to salaried and others. The card limit offered is 20% of gross annual income with a minimum of Rs 50,000/- with no upper limit.




  • Noted Marathi writer Dr Sharankumar Limbale will receive Saraswati Samman, 2020 for his book Sanatan.


  • The award carries fifteen lakh rupees, a citation and a plaque. Saraswati Samman, instituted by KK Birla Foundation in 1991, is recognised as the most prestigious and highest literary award in the country.


  • Dr Limbale’s Sanatan has been published in 2018. Sanatan is an important social and historical document of the Dalit struggle.


  • Speaking first to All India Radio, Dr Limbale was overjoyed with emotion as he started his career with the public broadcaster.



  • International Transgender Day of Visibility observed globally on 31st March every year.


  • The day is dedicated to celebrating transgender people and raising awareness of discrimination faced by transgender people worldwide, as well as a celebration of their contributions to society.


  • The day was founded by US-based transgender activist Rachel Crandall of Michigan in 2009. As a reaction to the lack of LGBT recognition of transgender people, citing the frustration that the only well-known transgender-centred day was the Transgender Day of Remembrance which mourned the murders of transgender people but did not acknowledge and celebrate living members of the transgender community.


  • The first International Transgender Day of Visibility was held on March 31, 2009. It has since been spearheaded by the U.S.-based youth advocacy organization Trans Student Educational Resources.






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