Read : Current Affairs: 15th March, 2021

Posted on :- 2021-03-17 17:39:03

 

Current affairs (15TH march)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SC ON PLEA AGAINST PLACES OF WORSHIP ACT

  • The Supreme Court has asked the government to respond to a plea challenging the Places of Worship Act enacted in 1991.

 

  • A notice is issued by a Bench led by Chief Justice of India Sharad A. Bobde to the Union Ministries of Home, Law and Culture on a plea filed by advocate Ashwini Kumar Upadhyay against various provisions of the Places of Worship (Special Provisions) Act of 1991.

 

  • The petition said Sections of the Act that dealt with the bar on legal claims were against the principles of secularism.

 

  • About the law: It was passed in 1991 by the P V Narasimha Rao-led Congress governmen The law seeks to maintain the “religious character” of places of worship as it was in 1947 except law Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid dispute case that was already in court.

 

  • The law was brought in at the peak of the Ram Mandir movement after one year before the demolition of the Babri Masjid.

 

  • Home Minister S B Chavan in introducing the law said in the Parliament that it was adopted to curb the communal tension.

 

  • About the issue: As discussed above a petition has been filed in the court saying about the law as “arbitrary, irrational and retrospective”.

 

  • The cut-off date that is 15 August, 197 as per the law bars Hindus, Jains, Buddhists, and Sikhs from approaching courts to “re-claim” their places of worship which were “invaded” and “encroached” upon by “fundamentalist barbaric invaders”.

 

  • Aim of the Act: The religious character of a place of worship shall continue to be the same as it was on 15 August, 1947.

 

  • No person shall convert any sort of place of worship of any religious denomination into one of a different denomination or section.

 

  • It also says that all suits, appeals or any other proceedings related to converting the character of a place of worship which are pending before any court or authority on 15 August, 1947 will abate as soon as tha law comes into force. Any other legal proceedings could not be instituted.

 

FIRST PROJECT OF GENOME MAPPING IN INDIAN OCEAN

  • In the Indian Ocean, the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) will launch the first-of-its-kind project of Genome Mapping.

 

  • Indian Ocean covers about 20% of the Earths’s water surface and so is the third largest water bocy in the world. Its objective is to bather samples of genome mapping of microorganisms in the Indian Ocean.

 

  • It is also necessary to understand the biochemistry and the response of the Ocean to climate change, nutrient stress and increasing pollution. The cost of the project and duration is Rs 25 crore and will take around three years to complete.

 

  • Samples will be collected by the researchers from several stretches of the ocean at an average depth of about 5 km.

 

  • It is just like gene mapping which is carried out on blood samples collected from humans, the scientists will map these in the bacteria, microbes found in the ocean.

 

  • Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid (DNA) and Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) mapping shows the nutrients present in them and also those lacking in various parts of the ocean.

 

  • Benefits are: It will help in understanding the ecosystem. It will understand factors causing change. It will help in identifying Mineral Concentration.

 

  • Human benefits are: It will benefit the human in the future in the large pool of RNA, DNA library of the oceans that will be utilized for using the Indian Ocean. It also increase the Biotechnology application and optimize the conservation efforts.

 

  • Genome Mapping: When a specific gene is assigned or located into a particular region of a chromosome and determined the location of and relative distances between genes on the chromosome

 

NEW SCHEME FOR TOURIST VEHICLE OPERATORS

 

  • The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has announced a new scheme for tourist vehicle operators, under which any tourist vehicle operator may apply for an “All India tourist authorization and permit” through online mode.

 

  • The new set of rules will be known as “All India Tourist Vehicles Authorization and Permit Rules, 2021”. This will come into effect from April 01, 2021.

 

  • The new rules for permits are aimed at promoting tourism across the states in our country, while simultaneously, helping to grow the revenue of state Governments.

 

  • The permits will be issued, after relevant documents are submitted and fees deposited, within 30 days of submission of such applications.

 

  • The authorization/permit will be granted, for a period of three months or its multiples thereof, not exceeding three years at a time.

 

  • Minister of Road Transport and Highways: Nitin Gadkari.

 

WORLD CONSUMER RIGHTS DAY: 15TH MARCH

 

  • It is celebrated on 15 March across the world annually to spread awareness about the rights of consumers and their needs.

 

  • A special message was sent by President John F Kennedy to the US Congress on 15 March, 1962 and so the day was inspired by him.

 

  • In the message he formally addressed the issue of consumer rights. To do so, he was the first leader.

 

  • The history behind the World Consumer Rights Day is that the first consumer movement was observed in 1983 and since then every year it is observed to mobilize an action on important issues and campaigns.

 

  • The theme of World Consumer Rights Day 2021 is ‘Tackling Plastic Pollution’. It will raise awareness and engage consumers globally to adopt and promote more sustainable practices.

 

  • The last year theme was ‘The Sustainable Consumer’. This year the campaign will also focus on the central role that consumer advocates governments and businesses can play in tackling the global plastic pollution crisis.

 

  • Consumer is one who purchase the product for his or her own need and consumes it. He or she can not resell the product or service but consumer it to earn his or her livelihood and self-employment.

 

NATIONAL VACCINATION DAY: MARCH 16TH

 

  • The National Vaccination Day, (also called the National Immunization Day), is celebrated every year on March 16 in India, to convey the importance of vaccination to the entire nation.

 

  • The prime purpose behind the celebration of National Vaccination Day is to make all people aware of arming against polio and eradicating it completely from the world.

 

  • In 2021, the National Vaccination Day is important as the country has started its biggest Covid-19 immunization programme.

 

  • The day was first observed in the year 1995. It was in 1995 that India started the Pulse Polio Programme and the first dose of Oral Polio Vaccine was given.

 

  • According to the World Health Organization, immunization is a process through which an individual’s immune system becomes fortified against foreign harm causing agent.

 

  • Vaccination is the most effective method of preventing highly infectious diseases. Extensive immunity due to vaccination is mostly responsible for the worldwide eradication of smallpox and the restraint of diseases such as polio, measles, and tetanus from a large amount of the world.

 

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) informs that licensed vaccines are currently available to prevent or add to the prevention and control of twenty-five preventable infections.

 

63RD EDITION OF ANNUAL GRAMMY AWARDS

 

  • The 63rd edition of the annual Grammy Awards ceremony was held in Los Angeles on March 14, 2021.

 

  • The 2021 Grammy awards recognized the best recordings, compositions, and artists of the eligibility year, between September 1, 2019, to August 31, 2020.

 

  • The award is presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the American music industry. Beyonce received the most nominations with nine, as well as the most awards with four.

 

List of winners of Grammy Awards 2021:

 

  • Album Of The Year --- “Folklore” by Taylor Swift
  • Record Of The Year --- “Everything I Wanted” by Billie Eilish
  • Best New Artist --- Megan Thee Stallion
  • Best Rap Album ---- “King’s Disease” by Nas
  • Best R&B Album Winner --- “Bigger Love” by John Legend
  • Best Rap Song ---- “Savage” by Beyoncé, Shawn Carter, Brittany
  • Best Country Album ---- “Wildcard” — Miranda Lambert
  • Song Of The Year ---- “I Can’t Breathe” by Dernst Emile II, H.E.R. and Tiara Thomas

 

  • The Grammy Award is an award presented by the Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry.

 

  • The first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959, to honour and respect the musical accomplishments of performers for the year 1958. The trophy represents a gilded gramophone.

 

 

Current affairs (15TH march)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SC ON PLEA AGAINST PLACES OF WORSHIP ACT

  • The Supreme Court has asked the government to respond to a plea challenging the Places of Worship Act enacted in 1991.

 

  • A notice is issued by a Bench led by Chief Justice of India Sharad A. Bobde to the Union Ministries of Home, Law and Culture on a plea filed by advocate Ashwini Kumar Upadhyay against various provisions of the Places of Worship (Special Provisions) Act of 1991.

 

  • The petition said Sections of the Act that dealt with the bar on legal claims were against the principles of secularism.

 

  • About the law: It was passed in 1991 by the P V Narasimha Rao-led Congress governmen The law seeks to maintain the “religious character” of places of worship as it was in 1947 except law Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid dispute case that was already in court.

 

  • The law was brought in at the peak of the Ram Mandir movement after one year before the demolition of the Babri Masjid.

 

  • Home Minister S B Chavan in introducing the law said in the Parliament that it was adopted to curb the communal tension.

 

  • About the issue: As discussed above a petition has been filed in the court saying about the law as “arbitrary, irrational and retrospective”.

 

  • The cut-off date that is 15 August, 197 as per the law bars Hindus, Jains, Buddhists, and Sikhs from approaching courts to “re-claim” their places of worship which were “invaded” and “encroached” upon by “fundamentalist barbaric invaders”.

 

  • Aim of the Act: The religious character of a place of worship shall continue to be the same as it was on 15 August, 1947.

 

  • No person shall convert any sort of place of worship of any religious denomination into one of a different denomination or section.

 

  • It also says that all suits, appeals or any other proceedings related to converting the character of a place of worship which are pending before any court or authority on 15 August, 1947 will abate as soon as tha law comes into force. Any other legal proceedings could not be instituted.

 

FIRST PROJECT OF GENOME MAPPING IN INDIAN OCEAN

  • In the Indian Ocean, the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) will launch the first-of-its-kind project of Genome Mapping.

 

  • Indian Ocean covers about 20% of the Earths’s water surface and so is the third largest water bocy in the world. Its objective is to bather samples of genome mapping of microorganisms in the Indian Ocean.

 

  • It is also necessary to understand the biochemistry and the response of the Ocean to climate change, nutrient stress and increasing pollution. The cost of the project and duration is Rs 25 crore and will take around three years to complete.

 

  • Samples will be collected by the researchers from several stretches of the ocean at an average depth of about 5 km.

 

  • It is just like gene mapping which is carried out on blood samples collected from humans, the scientists will map these in the bacteria, microbes found in the ocean.

 

  • Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid (DNA) and Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) mapping shows the nutrients present in them and also those lacking in various parts of the ocean.

 

  • Benefits are: It will help in understanding the ecosystem. It will understand factors causing change. It will help in identifying Mineral Concentration.

 

  • Human benefits are: It will benefit the human in the future in the large pool of RNA, DNA library of the oceans that will be utilized for using the Indian Ocean. It also increase the Biotechnology application and optimize the conservation efforts.

 

  • Genome Mapping: When a specific gene is assigned or located into a particular region of a chromosome and determined the location of and relative distances between genes on the chromosome

 

NEW SCHEME FOR TOURIST VEHICLE OPERATORS

 

  • The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has announced a new scheme for tourist vehicle operators, under which any tourist vehicle operator may apply for an “All India tourist authorization and permit” through online mode.

 

  • The new set of rules will be known as “All India Tourist Vehicles Authorization and Permit Rules, 2021”. This will come into effect from April 01, 2021.

 

  • The new rules for permits are aimed at promoting tourism across the states in our country, while simultaneously, helping to grow the revenue of state Governments.

 

  • The permits will be issued, after relevant documents are submitted and fees deposited, within 30 days of submission of such applications.

 

  • The authorization/permit will be granted, for a period of three months or its multiples thereof, not exceeding three years at a time.

 

  • Minister of Road Transport and Highways: Nitin Gadkari.

 

WORLD CONSUMER RIGHTS DAY: 15TH MARCH

 

  • It is celebrated on 15 March across the world annually to spread awareness about the rights of consumers and their needs.

 

  • A special message was sent by President John F Kennedy to the US Congress on 15 March, 1962 and so the day was inspired by him.

 

  • In the message he formally addressed the issue of consumer rights. To do so, he was the first leader.

 

  • The history behind the World Consumer Rights Day is that the first consumer movement was observed in 1983 and since then every year it is observed to mobilize an action on important issues and campaigns.

 

  • The theme of World Consumer Rights Day 2021 is ‘Tackling Plastic Pollution’. It will raise awareness and engage consumers globally to adopt and promote more sustainable practices.

 

  • The last year theme was ‘The Sustainable Consumer’. This year the campaign will also focus on the central role that consumer advocates governments and businesses can play in tackling the global plastic pollution crisis.

 

  • Consumer is one who purchase the product for his or her own need and consumes it. He or she can not resell the product or service but consumer it to earn his or her livelihood and self-employment.

 

NATIONAL VACCINATION DAY: MARCH 16TH

 

  • The National Vaccination Day, (also called the National Immunization Day), is celebrated every year on March 16 in India, to convey the importance of vaccination to the entire nation.

 

  • The prime purpose behind the celebration of National Vaccination Day is to make all people aware of arming against polio and eradicating it completely from the world.

 

  • In 2021, the National Vaccination Day is important as the country has started its biggest Covid-19 immunization programme.

 

  • The day was first observed in the year 1995. It was in 1995 that India started the Pulse Polio Programme and the first dose of Oral Polio Vaccine was given.

 

  • According to the World Health Organization, immunization is a process through which an individual’s immune system becomes fortified against foreign harm causing agent.

 

  • Vaccination is the most effective method of preventing highly infectious diseases. Extensive immunity due to vaccination is mostly responsible for the worldwide eradication of smallpox and the restraint of diseases such as polio, measles, and tetanus from a large amount of the world.

 

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) informs that licensed vaccines are currently available to prevent or add to the prevention and control of twenty-five preventable infections.

 

63RD EDITION OF ANNUAL GRAMMY AWARDS

 

  • The 63rd edition of the annual Grammy Awards ceremony was held in Los Angeles on March 14, 2021.

 

  • The 2021 Grammy awards recognized the best recordings, compositions, and artists of the eligibility year, between September 1, 2019, to August 31, 2020.

 

  • The award is presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the American music industry. Beyonce received the most nominations with nine, as well as the most awards with four.

 

List of winners of Grammy Awards 2021:

 

  • Album Of The Year --- “Folklore” by Taylor Swift
  • Record Of The Year --- “Everything I Wanted” by Billie Eilish
  • Best New Artist --- Megan Thee Stallion
  • Best Rap Album ---- “King’s Disease” by Nas
  • Best R&B Album Winner --- “Bigger Love” by John Legend
  • Best Rap Song ---- “Savage” by Beyoncé, Shawn Carter, Brittany
  • Best Country Album ---- “Wildcard” — Miranda Lambert
  • Song Of The Year ---- “I Can’t Breathe” by Dernst Emile II, H.E.R. and Tiara Thomas

 

  • The Grammy Award is an award presented by the Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry.

 

  • The first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959, to honour and respect the musical accomplishments of performers for the year 1958. The trophy represents a gilded gramophone.

 

 

Current affairs (15TH march)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SC ON PLEA AGAINST PLACES OF WORSHIP ACT

  • The Supreme Court has asked the government to respond to a plea challenging the Places of Worship Act enacted in 1991.

 

  • A notice is issued by a Bench led by Chief Justice of India Sharad A. Bobde to the Union Ministries of Home, Law and Culture on a plea filed by advocate Ashwini Kumar Upadhyay against various provisions of the Places of Worship (Special Provisions) Act of 1991.

 

  • The petition said Sections of the Act that dealt with the bar on legal claims were against the principles of secularism.

 

  • About the law: It was passed in 1991 by the P V Narasimha Rao-led Congress governmen The law seeks to maintain the “religious character” of places of worship as it was in 1947 except law Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid dispute case that was already in court.

 

  • The law was brought in at the peak of the Ram Mandir movement after one year before the demolition of the Babri Masjid.

 

  • Home Minister S B Chavan in introducing the law said in the Parliament that it was adopted to curb the communal tension.

 

  • About the issue: As discussed above a petition has been filed in the court saying about the law as “arbitrary, irrational and retrospective”.

 

  • The cut-off date that is 15 August, 197 as per the law bars Hindus, Jains, Buddhists, and Sikhs from approaching courts to “re-claim” their places of worship which were “invaded” and “encroached” upon by “fundamentalist barbaric invaders”.

 

  • Aim of the Act: The religious character of a place of worship shall continue to be the same as it was on 15 August, 1947.

 

  • No person shall convert any sort of place of worship of any religious denomination into one of a different denomination or section.

 

  • It also says that all suits, appeals or any other proceedings related to converting the character of a place of worship which are pending before any court or authority on 15 August, 1947 will abate as soon as tha law comes into force. Any other legal proceedings could not be instituted.

 

FIRST PROJECT OF GENOME MAPPING IN INDIAN OCEAN

  • In the Indian Ocean, the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) will launch the first-of-its-kind project of Genome Mapping.

 

  • Indian Ocean covers about 20% of the Earths’s water surface and so is the third largest water bocy in the world. Its objective is to bather samples of genome mapping of microorganisms in the Indian Ocean.

 

  • It is also necessary to understand the biochemistry and the response of the Ocean to climate change, nutrient stress and increasing pollution. The cost of the project and duration is Rs 25 crore and will take around three years to complete.

 

  • Samples will be collected by the researchers from several stretches of the ocean at an average depth of about 5 km.

 

  • It is just like gene mapping which is carried out on blood samples collected from humans, the scientists will map these in the bacteria, microbes found in the ocean.

 

  • Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid (DNA) and Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) mapping shows the nutrients present in them and also those lacking in various parts of the ocean.

 

  • Benefits are: It will help in understanding the ecosystem. It will understand factors causing change. It will help in identifying Mineral Concentration.

 

  • Human benefits are: It will benefit the human in the future in the large pool of RNA, DNA library of the oceans that will be utilized for using the Indian Ocean. It also increase the Biotechnology application and optimize the conservation efforts.

 

  • Genome Mapping: When a specific gene is assigned or located into a particular region of a chromosome and determined the location of and relative distances between genes on the chromosome

 

NEW SCHEME FOR TOURIST VEHICLE OPERATORS

 

  • The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has announced a new scheme for tourist vehicle operators, under which any tourist vehicle operator may apply for an “All India tourist authorization and permit” through online mode.

 

  • The new set of rules will be known as “All India Tourist Vehicles Authorization and Permit Rules, 2021”. This will come into effect from April 01, 2021.

 

  • The new rules for permits are aimed at promoting tourism across the states in our country, while simultaneously, helping to grow the revenue of state Governments.

 

  • The permits will be issued, after relevant documents are submitted and fees deposited, within 30 days of submission of such applications.

 

  • The authorization/permit will be granted, for a period of three months or its multiples thereof, not exceeding three years at a time.

 

  • Minister of Road Transport and Highways: Nitin Gadkari.

 

WORLD CONSUMER RIGHTS DAY: 15TH MARCH

 

  • It is celebrated on 15 March across the world annually to spread awareness about the rights of consumers and their needs.

 

  • A special message was sent by President John F Kennedy to the US Congress on 15 March, 1962 and so the day was inspired by him.

 

  • In the message he formally addressed the issue of consumer rights. To do so, he was the first leader.

 

  • The history behind the World Consumer Rights Day is that the first consumer movement was observed in 1983 and since then every year it is observed to mobilize an action on important issues and campaigns.

 

  • The theme of World Consumer Rights Day 2021 is ‘Tackling Plastic Pollution’. It will raise awareness and engage consumers globally to adopt and promote more sustainable practices.

 

  • The last year theme was ‘The Sustainable Consumer’. This year the campaign will also focus on the central role that consumer advocates governments and businesses can play in tackling the global plastic pollution crisis.

 

  • Consumer is one who purchase the product for his or her own need and consumes it. He or she can not resell the product or service but consumer it to earn his or her livelihood and self-employment.

 

NATIONAL VACCINATION DAY: MARCH 16TH

 

  • The National Vaccination Day, (also called the National Immunization Day), is celebrated every year on March 16 in India, to convey the importance of vaccination to the entire nation.

 

  • The prime purpose behind the celebration of National Vaccination Day is to make all people aware of arming against polio and eradicating it completely from the world.

 

  • In 2021, the National Vaccination Day is important as the country has started its biggest Covid-19 immunization programme.

 

  • The day was first observed in the year 1995. It was in 1995 that India started the Pulse Polio Programme and the first dose of Oral Polio Vaccine was given.

 

  • According to the World Health Organization, immunization is a process through which an individual’s immune system becomes fortified against foreign harm causing agent.

 

  • Vaccination is the most effective method of preventing highly infectious diseases. Extensive immunity due to vaccination is mostly responsible for the worldwide eradication of smallpox and the restraint of diseases such as polio, measles, and tetanus from a large amount of the world.

 

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) informs that licensed vaccines are currently available to prevent or add to the prevention and control of twenty-five preventable infections.

 

63RD EDITION OF ANNUAL GRAMMY AWARDS

 

  • The 63rd edition of the annual Grammy Awards ceremony was held in Los Angeles on March 14, 2021.

 

  • The 2021 Grammy awards recognized the best recordings, compositions, and artists of the eligibility year, between September 1, 2019, to August 31, 2020.

 

  • The award is presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the American music industry. Beyonce received the most nominations with nine, as well as the most awards with four.

 

List of winners of Grammy Awards 2021:

 

  • Album Of The Year --- “Folklore” by Taylor Swift
  • Record Of The Year --- “Everything I Wanted” by Billie Eilish
  • Best New Artist --- Megan Thee Stallion
  • Best Rap Album ---- “King’s Disease” by Nas
  • Best R&B Album Winner --- “Bigger Love” by John Legend
  • Best Rap Song ---- “Savage” by Beyoncé, Shawn Carter, Brittany
  • Best Country Album ---- “Wildcard” — Miranda Lambert
  • Song Of The Year ---- “I Can’t Breathe” by Dernst Emile II, H.E.R. and Tiara Thomas

 

  • The Grammy Award is an award presented by the Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry.

 

  • The first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959, to honour and respect the musical accomplishments of performers for the year 1958. The trophy represents a gilded gramophone.

 

 

Current affairs (15TH march)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SC ON PLEA AGAINST PLACES OF WORSHIP ACT

  • The Supreme Court has asked the government to respond to a plea challenging the Places of Worship Act enacted in 1991.

 

  • A notice is issued by a Bench led by Chief Justice of India Sharad A. Bobde to the Union Ministries of Home, Law and Culture on a plea filed by advocate Ashwini Kumar Upadhyay against various provisions of the Places of Worship (Special Provisions) Act of 1991.

 

  • The petition said Sections of the Act that dealt with the bar on legal claims were against the principles of secularism.

 

  • About the law: It was passed in 1991 by the P V Narasimha Rao-led Congress governmen The law seeks to maintain the “religious character” of places of worship as it was in 1947 except law Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid dispute case that was already in court.

 

  • The law was brought in at the peak of the Ram Mandir movement after one year before the demolition of the Babri Masjid.

 

  • Home Minister S B Chavan in introducing the law said in the Parliament that it was adopted to curb the communal tension.

 

  • About the issue: As discussed above a petition has been filed in the court saying about the law as “arbitrary, irrational and retrospective”.

 

  • The cut-off date that is 15 August, 197 as per the law bars Hindus, Jains, Buddhists, and Sikhs from approaching courts to “re-claim” their places of worship which were “invaded” and “encroached” upon by “fundamentalist barbaric invaders”.

 

  • Aim of the Act: The religious character of a place of worship shall continue to be the same as it was on 15 August, 1947.

 

  • No person shall convert any sort of place of worship of any religious denomination into one of a different denomination or section.

 

  • It also says that all suits, appeals or any other proceedings related to converting the character of a place of worship which are pending before any court or authority on 15 August, 1947 will abate as soon as tha law comes into force. Any other legal proceedings could not be instituted.

 

FIRST PROJECT OF GENOME MAPPING IN INDIAN OCEAN

  • In the Indian Ocean, the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) will launch the first-of-its-kind project of Genome Mapping.

 

  • Indian Ocean covers about 20% of the Earths’s water surface and so is the third largest water bocy in the world. Its objective is to bather samples of genome mapping of microorganisms in the Indian Ocean.

 

  • It is also necessary to understand the biochemistry and the response of the Ocean to climate change, nutrient stress and increasing pollution. The cost of the project and duration is Rs 25 crore and will take around three years to complete.

 

  • Samples will be collected by the researchers from several stretches of the ocean at an average depth of about 5 km.

 

  • It is just like gene mapping which is carried out on blood samples collected from humans, the scientists will map these in the bacteria, microbes found in the ocean.

 

  • Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid (DNA) and Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) mapping shows the nutrients present in them and also those lacking in various parts of the ocean.

 

  • Benefits are: It will help in understanding the ecosystem. It will understand factors causing change. It will help in identifying Mineral Concentration.

 

  • Human benefits are: It will benefit the human in the future in the large pool of RNA, DNA library of the oceans that will be utilized for using the Indian Ocean. It also increase the Biotechnology application and optimize the conservation efforts.

 

  • Genome Mapping: When a specific gene is assigned or located into a particular region of a chromosome and determined the location of and relative distances between genes on the chromosome

 

NEW SCHEME FOR TOURIST VEHICLE OPERATORS

 

  • The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has announced a new scheme for tourist vehicle operators, under which any tourist vehicle operator may apply for an “All India tourist authorization and permit” through online mode.

 

  • The new set of rules will be known as “All India Tourist Vehicles Authorization and Permit Rules, 2021”. This will come into effect from April 01, 2021.

 

  • The new rules for permits are aimed at promoting tourism across the states in our country, while simultaneously, helping to grow the revenue of state Governments.

 

  • The permits will be issued, after relevant documents are submitted and fees deposited, within 30 days of submission of such applications.

 

  • The authorization/permit will be granted, for a period of three months or its multiples thereof, not exceeding three years at a time.

 

  • Minister of Road Transport and Highways: Nitin Gadkari.

 

WORLD CONSUMER RIGHTS DAY: 15TH MARCH

 

  • It is celebrated on 15 March across the world annually to spread awareness about the rights of consumers and their needs.

 

  • A special message was sent by President John F Kennedy to the US Congress on 15 March, 1962 and so the day was inspired by him.

 

  • In the message he formally addressed the issue of consumer rights. To do so, he was the first leader.

 

  • The history behind the World Consumer Rights Day is that the first consumer movement was observed in 1983 and since then every year it is observed to mobilize an action on important issues and campaigns.

 

  • The theme of World Consumer Rights Day 2021 is ‘Tackling Plastic Pollution’. It will raise awareness and engage consumers globally to adopt and promote more sustainable practices.

 

  • The last year theme was ‘The Sustainable Consumer’. This year the campaign will also focus on the central role that consumer advocates governments and businesses can play in tackling the global plastic pollution crisis.

 

  • Consumer is one who purchase the product for his or her own need and consumes it. He or she can not resell the product or service but consumer it to earn his or her livelihood and self-employment.

 

NATIONAL VACCINATION DAY: MARCH 16TH

 

  • The National Vaccination Day, (also called the National Immunization Day), is celebrated every year on March 16 in India, to convey the importance of vaccination to the entire nation.

 

  • The prime purpose behind the celebration of National Vaccination Day is to make all people aware of arming against polio and eradicating it completely from the world.

 

  • In 2021, the National Vaccination Day is important as the country has started its biggest Covid-19 immunization programme.

 

  • The day was first observed in the year 1995. It was in 1995 that India started the Pulse Polio Programme and the first dose of Oral Polio Vaccine was given.

 

  • According to the World Health Organization, immunization is a process through which an individual’s immune system becomes fortified against foreign harm causing agent.

 

  • Vaccination is the most effective method of preventing highly infectious diseases. Extensive immunity due to vaccination is mostly responsible for the worldwide eradication of smallpox and the restraint of diseases such as polio, measles, and tetanus from a large amount of the world.

 

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) informs that licensed vaccines are currently available to prevent or add to the prevention and control of twenty-five preventable infections.

 

63RD EDITION OF ANNUAL GRAMMY AWARDS

 

  • The 63rd edition of the annual Grammy Awards ceremony was held in Los Angeles on March 14, 2021.

 

  • The 2021 Grammy awards recognized the best recordings, compositions, and artists of the eligibility year, between September 1, 2019, to August 31, 2020.

 

  • The award is presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the American music industry. Beyonce received the most nominations with nine, as well as the most awards with four.

 

List of winners of Grammy Awards 2021:

 

  • Album Of The Year --- “Folklore” by Taylor Swift
  • Record Of The Year --- “Everything I Wanted” by Billie Eilish
  • Best New Artist --- Megan Thee Stallion
  • Best Rap Album ---- “King’s Disease” by Nas
  • Best R&B Album Winner --- “Bigger Love” by John Legend
  • Best Rap Song ---- “Savage” by Beyoncé, Shawn Carter, Brittany
  • Best Country Album ---- “Wildcard” — Miranda Lambert
  • Song Of The Year ---- “I Can’t Breathe” by Dernst Emile II, H.E.R. and Tiara Thomas

 

  • The Grammy Award is an award presented by the Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry.

 

  • The first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959, to honour and respect the musical accomplishments of performers for the year 1958. The trophy represents a gilded gramophone.

 

 

Current affairs (15TH march)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SC ON PLEA AGAINST PLACES OF WORSHIP ACT

  • The Supreme Court has asked the government to respond to a plea challenging the Places of Worship Act enacted in 1991.

 

  • A notice is issued by a Bench led by Chief Justice of India Sharad A. Bobde to the Union Ministries of Home, Law and Culture on a plea filed by advocate Ashwini Kumar Upadhyay against various provisions of the Places of Worship (Special Provisions) Act of 1991.

 

  • The petition said Sections of the Act that dealt with the bar on legal claims were against the principles of secularism.

 

  • About the law: It was passed in 1991 by the P V Narasimha Rao-led Congress governmen The law seeks to maintain the “religious character” of places of worship as it was in 1947 except law Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid dispute case that was already in court.

 

  • The law was brought in at the peak of the Ram Mandir movement after one year before the demolition of the Babri Masjid.

 

  • Home Minister S B Chavan in introducing the law said in the Parliament that it was adopted to curb the communal tension.

 

  • About the issue: As discussed above a petition has been filed in the court saying about the law as “arbitrary, irrational and retrospective”.

 

  • The cut-off date that is 15 August, 197 as per the law bars Hindus, Jains, Buddhists, and Sikhs from approaching courts to “re-claim” their places of worship which were “invaded” and “encroached” upon by “fundamentalist barbaric invaders”.

 

  • Aim of the Act: The religious character of a place of worship shall continue to be the same as it was on 15 August, 1947.

 

  • No person shall convert any sort of place of worship of any religious denomination into one of a different denomination or section.

 

  • It also says that all suits, appeals or any other proceedings related to converting the character of a place of worship which are pending before any court or authority on 15 August, 1947 will abate as soon as tha law comes into force. Any other legal proceedings could not be instituted.

 

FIRST PROJECT OF GENOME MAPPING IN INDIAN OCEAN

  • In the Indian Ocean, the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) will launch the first-of-its-kind project of Genome Mapping.

 

  • Indian Ocean covers about 20% of the Earths’s water surface and so is the third largest water bocy in the world. Its objective is to bather samples of genome mapping of microorganisms in the Indian Ocean.

 

  • It is also necessary to understand the biochemistry and the response of the Ocean to climate change, nutrient stress and increasing pollution. The cost of the project and duration is Rs 25 crore and will take around three years to complete.

 

  • Samples will be collected by the researchers from several stretches of the ocean at an average depth of about 5 km.

 

  • It is just like gene mapping which is carried out on blood samples collected from humans, the scientists will map these in the bacteria, microbes found in the ocean.

 

  • Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid (DNA) and Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) mapping shows the nutrients present in them and also those lacking in various parts of the ocean.

 

  • Benefits are: It will help in understanding the ecosystem. It will understand factors causing change. It will help in identifying Mineral Concentration.

 

  • Human benefits are: It will benefit the human in the future in the large pool of RNA, DNA library of the oceans that will be utilized for using the Indian Ocean. It also increase the Biotechnology application and optimize the conservation efforts.

 

  • Genome Mapping: When a specific gene is assigned or located into a particular region of a chromosome and determined the location of and relative distances between genes on the chromosome

 

NEW SCHEME FOR TOURIST VEHICLE OPERATORS

 

  • The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has announced a new scheme for tourist vehicle operators, under which any tourist vehicle operator may apply for an “All India tourist authorization and permit” through online mode.

 

  • The new set of rules will be known as “All India Tourist Vehicles Authorization and Permit Rules, 2021”. This will come into effect from April 01, 2021.

 

  • The new rules for permits are aimed at promoting tourism across the states in our country, while simultaneously, helping to grow the revenue of state Governments.

 

  • The permits will be issued, after relevant documents are submitted and fees deposited, within 30 days of submission of such applications.

 

  • The authorization/permit will be granted, for a period of three months or its multiples thereof, not exceeding three years at a time.

 

  • Minister of Road Transport and Highways: Nitin Gadkari.

 

WORLD CONSUMER RIGHTS DAY: 15TH MARCH

 

  • It is celebrated on 15 March across the world annually to spread awareness about the rights of consumers and their needs.

 

  • A special message was sent by President John F Kennedy to the US Congress on 15 March, 1962 and so the day was inspired by him.

 

  • In the message he formally addressed the issue of consumer rights. To do so, he was the first leader.

 

  • The history behind the World Consumer Rights Day is that the first consumer movement was observed in 1983 and since then every year it is observed to mobilize an action on important issues and campaigns.

 

  • The theme of World Consumer Rights Day 2021 is ‘Tackling Plastic Pollution’. It will raise awareness and engage consumers globally to adopt and promote more sustainable practices.

 

  • The last year theme was ‘The Sustainable Consumer’. This year the campaign will also focus on the central role that consumer advocates governments and businesses can play in tackling the global plastic pollution crisis.

 

  • Consumer is one who purchase the product for his or her own need and consumes it. He or she can not resell the product or service but consumer it to earn his or her livelihood and self-employment.

 

NATIONAL VACCINATION DAY: MARCH 16TH

 

  • The National Vaccination Day, (also called the National Immunization Day), is celebrated every year on March 16 in India, to convey the importance of vaccination to the entire nation.

 

  • The prime purpose behind the celebration of National Vaccination Day is to make all people aware of arming against polio and eradicating it completely from the world.

 

  • In 2021, the National Vaccination Day is important as the country has started its biggest Covid-19 immunization programme.

 

  • The day was first observed in the year 1995. It was in 1995 that India started the Pulse Polio Programme and the first dose of Oral Polio Vaccine was given.

 

  • According to the World Health Organization, immunization is a process through which an individual’s immune system becomes fortified against foreign harm causing agent.

 

  • Vaccination is the most effective method of preventing highly infectious diseases. Extensive immunity due to vaccination is mostly responsible for the worldwide eradication of smallpox and the restraint of diseases such as polio, measles, and tetanus from a large amount of the world.

 

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) informs that licensed vaccines are currently available to prevent or add to the prevention and control of twenty-five preventable infections.

 

63RD EDITION OF ANNUAL GRAMMY AWARDS

 

  • The 63rd edition of the annual Grammy Awards ceremony was held in Los Angeles on March 14, 2021.

 

  • The 2021 Grammy awards recognized the best recordings, compositions, and artists of the eligibility year, between September 1, 2019, to August 31, 2020.

 

  • The award is presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the American music industry. Beyonce received the most nominations with nine, as well as the most awards with four.

 

List of winners of Grammy Awards 2021:

 

  • Album Of The Year --- “Folklore” by Taylor Swift
  • Record Of The Year --- “Everything I Wanted” by Billie Eilish
  • Best New Artist --- Megan Thee Stallion
  • Best Rap Album ---- “King’s Disease” by Nas
  • Best R&B Album Winner --- “Bigger Love” by John Legend
  • Best Rap Song ---- “Savage” by Beyoncé, Shawn Carter, Brittany
  • Best Country Album ---- “Wildcard” — Miranda Lambert
  • Song Of The Year ---- “I Can’t Breathe” by Dernst Emile II, H.E.R. and Tiara Thomas

 

  • The Grammy Award is an award presented by the Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry.

 

  • The first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959, to honour and respect the musical accomplishments of performers for the year 1958. The trophy represents a gilded gramophone.

 

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