Current affairs (14TH march)
CHINA APPROVED 14TH FIVE YEAR PLAN
- China officially approved the 14th Five-Year Plan for 2021-2025 on March 11, 2021. The draft outline has been adopted by the National People's Congress.
- The new five-year plan highlights some key strategic projects that the country will prioritize.
- The project also includes: Build Tibet's first hydroelectric dam on the Yarlung Zangbo River or the lower reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo River.
- This part refers to a river in Tibet before entering India. Construct the Sichuan-Tibet railway line near the border with India. The plan also promotes self-sufficiency in emerging industries including artificial intelligence (AI).
- The plan also emphasizes the opening of access to major border highways, including the G219 national highway, which extends along the entire length of the India-China border in Xinjiang and Tibet.
- China has also approved four dams in the upper and middle reaches. The hydropower dam in Tibet will be the first dam on the lower reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo River.
- However, India is concerned about the four previously announced dams on the upper and middle reaches of the Brahmaputra River.
FIRST VIRTUAL TRADE FAIR LAUNCHED BY APEDA
- The Agricultural and Processed Food Export Development Agency (APEDA) launched its first virtual trade fair on March 10, 2021, and the fair will end on March 12, 2021.
- The trade fair is held to promote the export of agricultural products and processed foods. Due to restrictions related to COVID-19, APEDA proposed the concept of virtual trade fairs. It was established to maintain India’s agricultural and processed food exports.
- The theme of the exhibition is "Indian Rice and Agricultural Products". This expo will focus on showing the export potential of several agricultural products.
- Importers and exporters will participate in virtual fairs. These potential buyers or importers and visitors will have the opportunity to explore a wide range of food products. These products will be displayed by exporters through virtual fairs.
- The virtual trade fair will showcase several major products such as basmati rice, non-basmati rice, wheat, corn, millet, whole grains and peanuts. Up to now, 135 exhibitors have registered.
- In addition, 266 Indian and international buyers from Brazil, France, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Sudan, Afghanistan, Egypt, Bahrain, Philippines, Fiji, Myanmar, Netherlands and Peru have registered for events. Buyers are generated with the help of Indian embassies in these countries
AWARD FOR INDIAN COUNCIL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
- ICAR has won the 2020 King Bhumibol World Soil Day Award issued by FAO.
- In view of the fact that FAO announced international recognition on the eve of World Soil Day last year, that is, on the occasion of World Soil Day 2020.
- This is because ICAR used the theme of "Soil Health Awareness" to "stop soil erosion and save our future" Made an outstanding contribution.
- Celebrate World Soil Day on December 5th every year. India won the Awareness Initiative Award launched by ICAR in December 2019, which attracted more than 13,000 participants through social media events.
CONSERVATION PROGRAMME FOR KONARK SUN TEMPLE
- The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is protecting Konark’s Sun Temple.
- The Konark Temple, built in the 13th century, is considered a huge chariot of the sun god, led by 7 horses by 12 pairs of beautifully decorated wheels. It was built by King Narashimadeva I, the great ruler of the Ganges Dynasty.
- This temple was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1984 and is famous for its outstanding architectural design and rich and abundant sculptures.
- This temple is a perfect blend of Kalinga architecture, tradition, exotic beaches and natural beauty. It is protected by the Indian National Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Relics (AMASR) Act (1958) and its regulations (1959).
- Konark is the 3rd link in the Golden Triangle of Odisha. The first link is Jagannath Puri, and the second link is Bhubaneswar (the capital of Orissa).
- The temple was called the "Black Pagoda" because of its dark color and was used by ancient sailors as a nautical landmark in Orissa.
- Similarly, the Jagannath Temple in Puri is called the "White Pagoda". It is still the main pilgrimage site for Hindus. Every year around February, Hindus gather here to participate in the Chandrabhaga Mela.
UNESCO'S WORLD HERITAGE SITES
- World heritage sites are classified as natural or man-made areas or structures of international importance, as well as spaces that require special protection.
- Currently, 42 sites in India are included in the "Tentative List", which is a prerequisite for inclusion in the World Heritage Site.
- "Dholavira: Harapan City" has submitted its nomination and will be nominated as a World Heritage Site in 2019-2020.
- The nomination files for "Santiniketan, India” and “Sacred Ensemble of Hoysalas “have been submitted to UNESCO for the 2021-22 cycle.
- These sites are officially recognized by the United Nations and the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (also known as UNESCO).
- UNESCO believes that sites listed as World Heritage are very important to mankind and have cultural and material significance.
COOPERATION BETWEEN ISRO & JAXA
- The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) & the Japan Aeronautics and Space Administration (JAXA) reviewed cooperation in Earth observation, lunar cooperation and satellite navigation.
- The space agencies of the two countries also agreed to explore cooperation opportunities in the "Space Situation Awareness and Professional Exchange Program."
- These institutions signed the "Implementation Arrangement" to use satellite data to cooperate in the monitoring of rice crop area and air quality.
- India and Japan are already conducting a joint Lunar Polar Exploration (LUPEX) mission. LUPEX’s goal is to send the lander and rover to the South Pole of the Moon around 2024.
- Italy and India have decided to explore opportunities in Earth observation, space science, and robotic and human exploration.
- India and Australia signed an amendment to a memorandum of understanding, which will be based on a comprehensive strategic partnership.
- ISRO's lunar mission "Chandrayaan-1" is a model of international cooperation for its international payloads.
- It has also won several national and international laurels, and played a role in ISRO-NASA's joint discovery of water molecules on the moon's surface, which was not possible before any such mission.
BAJRANG PUNIA REGAINED NO.1 RANKING IN THE WORLD
- Indian wrestler Bajrang Punia has regained the 1 ranking in the world. He won the ranking after winning the gold medal for the second time in a row in the Matteo Pellicone Ranking Series.
- In the freestyle final held in Rome on March 7, 2021, the wrestler defeated Mongolia’s Tulga Tumur Ochir 2-2 in 65kg. He scored in the last 30 seconds.
- Scored 2 points in the game and won the game. This is the first international game of Bajrang Punia since the outbreak of Covid-19.
- Wrestler Bajrang Punia was ranked second in the world before the start of the Matteo Pellicone rankings. His victory in the competition helped him regain the top spot in the 65 kg weight class.
- His total points are up to 14. Before the 2021 Tokyo Olympics, he made full use of the game. The wrestler defeated Jordan Oliver of the United States in the 2020 final.
- In this game, he won the gold medal. Prior to this, after winning a bronze medal at the World Championships, he reserved his place for the Tokyo Olympics in September 2019.