Current affairs (11TH & 12th DECEMBER)
UNION CABINET APPROVED ATMANIRBHAR BHARAT ROJGAR YOJANA
- The Union Cabinet has given its approval for Atmanirbhar Bharat Rojgar Yojana (ABRY) to boost employment in the formal sector by encouraging the businesses to do fresh hiring amid the pandemic.
- ABRY will also incentivize the creation of new employment opportunities under Atmanirbhar Bharat Package 3.0.
- The Cabinet has approved an expenditure of ₹ 1,584 crores for the current financial year and ₹ 22,810 crores for the entire scheme period from 2020 to 2023.
- The scheme will provide subsidy for two years in respect of new employees engaged on or after October 1, 2020, and up to June 30, 2021.
- The government will pay both 12 per cent employees’ contribution and 12 per cent employers’ contribution i.e. 24 per cent of wages towards EPF in respect of new employees in establishments employing up to 1,000 employees for two years.
- It will pay only employees’ share of EPF contributione. 12 per cent of wages in respect of new employees in establishments employing more than 1,000 employees for two years.
- An employee drawing monthly wage of less than ₹ 15,000 who was not working in any establishment registered with the Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) before October 1, 2020, and did not have a Universal Account Number (UAN) or EPF Member account number prior to October 1, 2020, will be eligible for the benefit.
HISTORIC PM-WANI SCHEME APPROVED BY CABINET
- The Union Cabinet has approved a scheme called the Prime Minister’s Wi-Fi Access Network Initiative (PM-WANI), to improve wireless connectivity and pave the way for free wireless internet in public spaces across the country.
- The scheme will allow anyone, from an individual in a residential area to a Kirana shop owner to a tea shop vendor, to set up public Wi-Fi hotspot and deliver wifi services. It aims to promote the growth of public wi-fi networks in the country.
- Public Data Office (PDO): It will establish, maintain, and operate only WANI compliant Wi-Fi Access Points and deliver broadband services to subscribers, (tea shop, or Kirana shop, individual or any organisation.)
- Public Data Office Aggregator (PDOA): It will look after functions relating to Authorization and Accounting of PDOs.
- App Provider: It will develop an App to register users and discover WANI compliant Wi-Fi hotspots in the nearby area and display the same within the App for accessing the internet service.
- Central Registry: It will maintain the details of App Providers, PDOAs, and PDOs. To begin with, the Central Registry will be maintained by C-DoT.
IOC INDUCTED BREAKDANCING AS OFFICIAL OLYMPIC SPORT
- The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has registered ‘Breakdancing’ as the newest entry into Olympics and an official Olympic sport, with the aim to attract a new and younger audience.
- Breakdancing will be known as ‘Breaking’ in Olympics event. Breaking will make its Olympic Games debut at the 2024 Paris Games (2024 Summer Olympics).
- It must be remembered that three new sports, skateboarding, sport climbing, and surfing, will make their Olympic debuts at the Tokyo Games 2021 (earlier 2020 Summer Olympics).
- International Olympic Committee Headquarters: Lausanne, Switzerland.
- International Olympic Committee President: Thomas Bach.
- International Olympic Committee Founded: 23 June 1894 (Paris, France).
LAKSHADWEEP INDIA'S FIRST STATE TO BE 100% ORGANIC
- The Ministry of Agriculture has declared Lakshadweep as India’s first Union Territory to become 100 per cent organic.
- All farming activity in the UT is carried out without the use of synthetic fertilisers and pesticides, which provides access to safer food choices and making agriculture a more environment-friendly activity.
- Lakshadweep is second only to Sikkim, which was India’s first state to be declared completely organic.
- This comes after the UT received proper certifications and declarations under the Centre’s Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (organic farming improvement programme).
- Lakshadweep Island is the smallest Union Territory in India 36 Islands. Includes- 12 atolls, 3 reefs, 5 submerged banks, 10 inhabited islands.
- Lakshadweep Capital:
- Lakshadweep Administrator: Praful Khoda Patel.
- Praful K Patel is currently the Administrator of Dadra Nagar and Haveli and Daman & Diu. He has taken charge of Lakshadweep Administrator from 05th Dec 2020.
SONU SOOD TOPS 50 ASIAN CELEBRITIES LIST 2020
- Indian actor, Sonu Sood has topped the first-of-its-kind ’50 Asian Celebrities in the World’ 2020 list, published by UK based Eastern Eye newspaper.
- The 47-year-old talented Bollywood star has been honoured for his inspiring philanthropic work throughout the Covid-19 pandemic, especially helping migrant workers reach their hometowns.
- Sonu Sood beat global stars, including from Hollywood, the music industry, television, literature and social media, to be named the number one Asian celebrity on the planet for 2020.
- Canadian YouTuber, social media star, comedian and TV personality Lilly Singh came in second for her “pathbreaking journey, remarkable output and entertaining audiences most when they needed it”.
- Indian singer Armaan Malik came in fifth for his immense musical output that included barrier-breaking English language songs.
- Sixth-placed Priyanka Chopra Jonas remains the most famous Indian star in the world, while the rest of the top 10 includes pan-Indian star Prabhas (7).
- The top 50 list is based on those who did good work, made a positive impact, broke boundaries, shattered glass ceilings, gave hope, did philanthropic deeds or were just inspiring in their own unique way.
NITIN GADKARI INAUGURATED 1.5 KM KOILWAR BRIDGE
- The Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways, Nitin Gadkari has inaugurated the 5 km long Koilwar bridge over Sone river in Bihar through Video Conferencing.
- This newly inaugurated bridge is a part of the six-lane bridge being made in place of the existing two-lane bridge, for both rail and road traffic, which is 138 years old.
- The total cost of setting up this three-lane bridge is estimated at Rs 266 crore. The bridge is a major road for transport between Bihar and UP.
- Once this six-lane bridge is fully operational, the traffic on NH-922 and NH-30 will ease substantially.
YOUNG DR. CAROLINA ARAUJO WINS RAMANUJAN PRIZE 2020
- The year 2020 Ramanujan Prize for Young Mathematicians was awarded to Dr Carolina Araujo, Mathematician from the Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics (IMPA), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- Her work area focuses on birational geometry, which aims to classify and describe the structure of algebraic varieties.
- The prize is awarded annually to a researcher from a developing country funded by the Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India in association with ICTP (International Centre for Theoretical Physics), and the International Mathematical Union (IMU) was given for her outstanding work in algebraic geometry.
- Araujo, who is Vice President of the Committee for Women in Mathematics at the International Mathematical Union, is the first non-Indian women mathematician to receive this prize and will be a role model for all women around the world.
- International Mathematical Union President: Carlos Kenig.
- International Mathematical Union Headquarters: Berlin, Germany.
BAJRANG PUNIA & ELAVENIL VALARIVAN BAGGED TOP HONOURS
- Indian athletes, Bajrang Punia (Freestyle-Wrestling) and Elavenil Valarivan (Shooting), bagged the top honours at the virtually held FICCI India Sports Awards 2020 on the back of the 10th Global Sports Summit.
- The two athletes, who have had an impressive 2019-20 season, won the Sportsperson of the Year awards in their respective categories.
Sportsperson of the Year (Female)
Sportsperson of the Year (Male)
Best State Promoting Sports Award
Best Company Promoting Sports (Private Sector)
- The sports awards are an attempt by industry body, Federation of Indian Commerce and Industry (FICCI) to acknowledge and recognise the contribution of sportspersons and various stakeholders who deliver excellent results throughout the year.
UNICEF DAY 2020: DECEMBER 11TH
- Every year the UNICEF Day is observed on December 11.
- The United Nations General Assembly created UNICEF on December 11, 1946, as the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund to improve the health, nutrition, education, and general welfare of children devastated due to World War II.
- UNICEF’s name was subsequently changed from United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund to United Nations Children’s Fund though; it continued to be known by the popular acronym based on the previous title.
- UNICEF Headquarters: New York, United States of America.
- UNICEF Executive Director: Henrietta H. Fore.
INTERNATIONAL MOUNTAIN DAY 2020: 11TH NOVEMBER
- The International Mountain Day is observed globally on December 11 every year.
- The day is celebrated to create awareness about the importance of mountains to life, to highlight the opportunities and constraints in mountain development and to build alliances that will bring positive change to mountain peoples and environments around the world.
- “Mountain biodiversity” is the theme of this year’s International Mountain Day, so let’s celebrate their rich biodiversity, as well as address the threats they face.
- The day was established by the UN General Assembly in 2003 to encourage sustainable development of mountains. United Nations had declared 2002 as the UN International Year of Mountains.