Read : Current Affairs: 17th & 18th December, 2020

Posted on :- 2020-12-21 15:19:42
Source :- The Hindu Newspaper


Current affairs (17TH & 18th DECEMBER)




















  • The opening ceremony of the 12th Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Summit was organized virtually. Theme: Rejuvenating Resilient Habitats.


  • Purpose: As a platform to discuss innovative technologies and solutions, this will help in creating robust mechanism to develop sustainable and resilient solutions for the benefit of the entire community.


  • Launching the event: During the event, the Vice President of India released the "SHASHWAT" magazine and the book "30 Stories Beyond Architecture".


  • Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) is the national rating system of India for any completed building construction.


  • GRIHA is recognised as India’s own green building rating system in India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).


  • Created By: It was conceived by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and developed jointly with the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.




  • The Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research (NIBIO) has signed an MoU with cGanga, a think-tank of National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) for development of sludge management framework in India.


  • Through this initiative, Norway intends to deepen the relationship with India especially in the prevention of climate change and conservation of the environment.


  • The MoU was signed during the 5th edition of the India Water Impact 2020, held from 10-15 December 2020.


  • The event is co-organised by National Mission for Clean Ganga and Centre for Ganga River Basin Management and Studies.


  • Norway Currency: Norwegian krone.
  • Norway Capital:
  • Prime Minister of Norway: Erna Solberg.



  • Indian Coast Guard’s (ICG) Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV) ‘Sujeet’, which is second in the series of 5 OPVs was commissioned at the Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL) in Vasco Town, Goa by Raj Kumar, Secretary (Defence Production).


  • The vessel has been designed and built indigenously by GSL. The 1st ship in series – ICGS (ICG Ship) Sachet was commissioned by Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh in May 2020.


  • The ship was commissioned in the presence of K Natarajan, Director General of Indian Coast Guard and others.


  • Sujeet has been equipped with features like Integrated Bridge System, Integrated platform management system, power management system and high power external fire-fighting.


  • It is capable of carrying 1 twin-engine helicopter, 4 high-speed boats, 2 inflatable boats for boarding operations, search and rescue, law enforcement and maritime patrol.


  • The ship will be based at Goa and will be deployed extensively for EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone) surveillance and other duties. The ship will be 105 metres long and weigh 2400 tonnes.


  • At present, ICG has stated that it has 155 ships and 62 Aircraft at its disposal with 35 more ships in various stages of construction at shipyards across India.


  • Indian Coast Guard (ICG) Director General of ICG: Krishnaswamy Natarajan
  • Indian Coast Guard Headquarters: New Delhi.




  • The interceptor boat C-454, built by Larsen and Toubro at its Hazira plant, will operate from Gujarat under the control of the Commander Coast Guard Region North-West of the Indian Coast Guard.


  • Interceptor boat C-454 was commissioned by Surat Police Commissioner Ajay Tomar. This interceptor boat is built indigenously by L&T Jetty, Hazira.


  • It is capable of a high speed of 45 knots having the capability to operate in shallow waters.


  • The vessel is fitted with state-of-the-art navigation and communication equipment designed for the high-speed interception, close coast patrol, low-intensity maritime operations, search and rescue and maritime surveillance.




  • The Government of India and the New Development Bank (NDB) have signed a loan agreement worth $1,000 million for ‘supporting India’s economic recovery from COVID-19’.


  • The loan has a tenor of 30 years, including a 5-year grace period. The programme will support Indian Government in mitigating the adverse economic impact of COVID-19 pandemic and enable economic recovery in the rural areas.


  • The loan will support expenditures on rural infrastructure related to natural resource management (NRM) and rural employment generation under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS).


  • The programme will support the government in mitigating the adverse economic impact of Covid-19 pandemic and enable economic recovery in the rural areas through natural resource management works which will facilitate economic activity and employment generation to stimulate rural demand.


  • The programme will improve the livelihood of rural poor along with providing income opportunities to migrant workers who returned home due to job loss caused by Covid-19 pandemic.


  • New Development Bank Headquarters location: Shanghai, China.
  • New Development Bank President: Marcos Prado Troyjo.
  • New Development Bank Founder:
  • New Development Bank Founded: 15 July 2014.



  • The India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) along with Department of Posts (DoP) launched a digital payment application called ‘DakPay’ on 15 December 2020, in an effort to provide Digital Financial inclusion at the last mile across India.


  • The app was launched by Union Minister for Communications, Electronics & Information Technology and Law & Justice, Ravi Shankar Prasad.


  • The app ‘DakPay’ will facilitate the customers of the DoP and IPPB in easy digital transactions and other banking and postal services.


  • This innovative App will help people transfer and receive money with ease and those who do not have smartphones can also do money transaction on this App with the assistance of postmen.


  • DakPay is not just a digital payment app but a suite of digital financial and assisted banking services provided by India Post and IPPB through the trusted Postal network across the nation to cater to the financial needs of various sections of the society.


  • MD and CEO of India Post Payments Bank (IPPB): J Venkatramu.
  • India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) was incorporated as Payments Banking Company under Section 22 (1) of Banking Regulation Act, 1949.
  • India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) Headquarters: New Delhi.


  • The United Nations Environment Programme has appointed seven energetic environmentalists as young champions of the planet.


  • Every year, seven entrepreneurs under the age of 30 wins the "Young Champions of the Earth" award. These entrepreneurs should have bold ideas about sustainable environmental change.


  • The winners of this award will receive guidance, seed funding, and communication support to expand their efforts.


  • The Youth Champion Award aims to encourage more young people to get closer to the United Nations Ecosystem Recovery Decade (2021-2030), the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26, to be held in Glasgow in November 2021) and the United Nations Conference on Biological Diversity (to be Held in Kunming in May 2021).


  • Seven individuals have won the 2020 Earth Youth Championships of the United Nations Environment Programme


  • Vidyut Mohan from India has won the prize. He is the co-founder of Takachar. He built affordable portable biomass upgrade equipment. It allows farmers to prevent open burning by converting crops into fuel, activated carbon and fertilizer.


  • The other winners were Nzambi Matee from Kenya, Xiao Yuanren of China, Lefteris Arapakis in Greece, American Niria Alicia Garcia (Niria Alicia Garcia), Fatehmah Alzelzela in Kuwait, Max Hidalgo Quinto from Peru - Max founded Yawa




  • CEO of Prasar Bharati was elected as the Vice President of Asia Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU).


  • ABU was established in 1964 and is a non-profit, non-governmental, non-political professional association whose mission is to assist the development of broadcasting in the Asia-Pacific region.


  • ABU promotes the collective interests of television and radio stations and major industry players, and promotes regional and international media cooperation.


  • It is a member of the World Broadcaster’s Union and works closely with other regional broadcasting unions on other issues of common concern, such as reserving frequencies for broadcasters, harmonization of operating and technical broadcasting standards and systems, and finalizing the Broadcasting Treaty.


  • Currently, ABU has more than 260 members in more than 70 countries on four continents. It is headquartered in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.



  • The Indian Meteorological Society (IMS) and the North Eastern Space Application Center organized a 4-day virtual seminar on Tropical Meteorology, called TROPMET-2020.


  • The theme of the event is "Weather and Climate Services over Mountainous Regions". During the symposium, well-known scientists will give several speeches and lectures, including a special speech by the Deputy Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization.


  • This is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting the development of meteorology and related sciences.


  • It is committed to disseminating knowledge in the field and applying meteorology and related sciences to various constructive human activities, such as agriculture and land use, irrigation and power development, maritime and air navigation, engineering technology, medicine and public health, etc. Hold lectures, symposiums, etc., and publish books and journals, etc on meteorology


  • North Eastern Space Applications Centre (NESAC) was established as a joint initiative of the Department of Space (DOS, GOI) and the North Eastern Council (NEC) and came into being in 2000.


  • The center helps expand the development process of the region by providing advanced space technology support. It uses space and technology to provide services to the northeastern states of India. It is located in Shillong, Meghalaya.




  • Eminent aerospace scientist and Padma Vibhushan awardee, Roddam Narasimha has passed away.


  • He had served at the prestigious Indian Institute of Science (IISc), where he taught Aerospace Engineering from 1962 to 1999. He also served as the director of the National Aerospace Laboratories from 1984 to 1993.


  • The central government bestowed the second-highest civilian award of India, Padma Vibhushan on him in 2013 for his contribution in the field of aerospace engineering.


  • Together with the Missile Man of India and former president Dr A P J Abdul Kalam, Prof Narasimha had authored a book –“Developments in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technology”.



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