Current affairs (16th DECEMBER)
9TH SUSTAINABLE MOUNTAIN DEVELOPMENT SUMMIT HELD
- The 9th edition of Sustainable Mountain Development Summit (SMDS) held in Dehradun, Uttarakhand.
- The four-day-long summit was organised by Indian Mountain Initiative (IMI) and hosted by Sustainable Development Forum Uttaranchal (SDFU), Dehradun.
- The theme for 2020 SMDS was ‘Emerging Pathways for Building a Resilient Post COVID-19 Mountain Economy, Adaptation, Innovation and Acceleration’.
- The Summit deliberated on issues such as migration, water security, climate resilience and innovative solutions for the farm sector, and disaster risk reduction in the Indian Himalayas.
- The focus of the summit was on building pathways toward a resilient and sustainable mountain economy in the context of a post-COVID-19 scenario and Climate Change.
PAUL SEIN TWA AWARDED GOLDMAN ENVIRONMENTAL PRIZE
- International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Asia Regional Office awarded Paul Sein Twa, for Goldman Environmental Prize 2020 for Asia.
- This award is given to him for his efforts in promoting the self-determination of the Karen people in managing their natural resources.
- Paul is the co-founder of the Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN), established in 2001.
- Paul and his team at KESAN supported Karen indigenous communities in establishing the Salween Peace Park in Myanmar and on the border of Thailand.
- The Peace Park represents a unique community-based approach to conservation in one of Asia’s biodiversity hotspots. The Salween Basin is home to vast stretches of teak forests, teeming with tigers, sun bears, and clouded leopards.
- The Goldman Environmental Prize is one of the most prestigious environmental prizes awarded annually to grassroots environmental activists, one from each of the world’s six geographic regions: Africa, Asia, Europe, Islands and Island Nations, North America, and South and Central America.
- Director-General of IUCN:Dr Bruno Oberle.
- IUCN Headquarters: Gland, Switzerland
GRSE KOLKATA LAUNCHES 'HIMGIRI' 1ST SHIP OF PROJECT 17A
- Himgiri, which is the first of the three Project 17A ships being built at Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited (GRSE), Kolkata was launched.
- The launch of ‘Himgiri’ has showcased GRSE’s commitment towards the building of three state-of-the-art warships of P17A for Indian Navy.
- Under the Project 17A program, a total of seven ships, four at Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) and three ships at GRSE are being built with enhanced stealth features, advanced indigenous weapon and sensor fit along with several other improvements.
- P17A ships are the first gas turbine propulsion and largest combat platforms ever built at GRSE. Since its inception, Project 17A has upheld India’s vision for Atmanirbhar Bharat.
OLA TO SET UP WORLD'S LARGEST SCOOTER FACTORY
- The SoftBank-backed mobility platform, Ola has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Tamil Nadu government, to set up its first factory in the state, at an investment of Rs 2,400 crore.
- Upon completion, the Ola factory in Tamil Nadu will be the largest scooter manufacturing facility in the world. Initially, the factory will have an annual manufacturing capacity of 2 million units.
- The factory is in line with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of an AtmaNirbhar Bharat and will make India a manufacturing hub for two-wheeled electric vehicles.
- The new factory will also reduce the dependence of India on import of electric vehicles, boost local manufacturing, create jobs and also improve the technical expertise in the country.
- Tamil Nadu Capital:
- Tamil Nadu Chief Minister: Edappadi K. Palaniswami.
- Tamil Nadu Governor: Banwarilal Purohit.
MINISTRY OF TOURISM ORGANIZED 'DEKHO APNA DESH' SERIES
- The Ministry of Tourism organized a webinar about "Birding in India" under the Dekho Apna Desh webinar series.
- The Ministry of Tourism has launched the "DekhoApnaDesh" webinar series in order to provide information about the many destinations and the depth and breadth of India's incredible culture and heritage.
- It aims to showcase the rich diversity of India under the leadership of Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat. It will be available on the Ministry's social media handles- Incredible India on Instagram and Facebook.
- It established a technical partnership with the National e-Governance Department of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
ODISHA TO HOST 2023 FIH MEN HOCKEY WORLD CUP
- The International Hockey Federation (FIH) had announced that the 2023 FIH Men’s Hockey World Cup will be hosted in Odisha, for a second consecutive time.
- The tournament will be held at two venues, Bhubaneswar and Rourkela. The Men’s Hockey World Cup 2018 was also hosted by Odisha.
- The 2023 tournament will be 15th edition of the Men’s FIH Hockey World Cup. It will be held at the Kalinga Stadium in Bhubaneswar and at the Biju Patnaik Hockey Stadium in Rourkela. FIH Hockey World Cup is held after every four years.
- Chief Minister of Odisha: Naveen Patnaik.
- Odisha Capital:
- Odisha Governor: Ganeshi Lal.
COUNTRY OBSERVES VIJAY DIWAS: 16TH DECEMBER
- In India, Vijay Diwas (also called Victory Day) is celebrated every year on December 16. The country is celebrating the 49th Vijay Diwas in 2020.
- Vijay Diwas is observed to commemorate the service, valour, and sacrifices of the gallant men of the Indian Armed Forces’ victory over Pakistan in 1971 war.
- The Indo-Pakistan war of 1971 which began on December 3 lasted for 13 days and officially ended on December 16, after which Pakistan surrendered to India.
- It was on this day in 1971, the chief of the Pakistani forces, General AA Khan Niazi, along with 93 thousand troops, had surrendered unconditionally to the allied forces consisting of Indian Army and Mukti Bahini.
- The end of the war also resulted in subsequent secession of East Pakistan into Bangladesh.
LAST SOLAR ECLIPSE OF THE YEAR: 14TH DECEMBER
- The Total Solar Eclipse on Monday - December 14, 2020, will be the last solar eclipse of this year. Apart from Chile and Argentina, people living in southern parts of South America, Southwest Africa and Antarctica will be able to witness partial solar eclipses.
- A solar eclipse is a natural event (also called an occultation) that takes place on Earth when the Moon moves in its orbit between Earth and the Sun.
- Solar Eclipse occurs at the new moon, that is, the sun and the moon combine with each other. During an eclipse, the moon's shadow (divided into two parts: dark umbra and lighter penumbra) moves across Earth’s surface.
- If the moon is only slightly close to the earth and orbits on the same plane, and its orbit is circular, then there will be a lunar eclipse every month.
- The moon’s orbit is elliptical and inclined with respect to the earth’s orbit, so only 5 solar eclipses can be seen each year. By the position of the moon, sun & earth, the sun can be blocked entirely or partially blocked.