Read : Current Affairs: 5th December, 2020

Posted on :- 2020-12-12 15:45:28
Source :- The Hindu Newspaper

 

                                     Current affairs (5TH DECEMBER)

 

 

 

PASSAGE EXERCISE (PASSEX): INDIAN & RUSSIAN RAVY

  • The Indian Navy (IN) and the Russian Federation Navy (RuFN) are undertaking Passage Exercise (PASSEX) in the Eastern Indian Ocean Region (IOR).

 

  • The exercise will help in enhancing interoperability, improving understanding and imbibing best practices between both the friendly navies.

 

  • It involves advanced surface and anti-submarine warfare exercises, weapon firings, seamanship exercises and helicopter operations.

 

  • Indian Navy is being represented by indigenously constructed guided-missile frigate Shivalik and anti-submarine corvette Kadmatt along with integral helicopters.

 

  • Russian Federation Navy includes guided-missile cruiser Varyag, the large anti-submarine ship Admiral Panteleyev and medium ocean tanker Pechenga. The PASSEX’s are conducted regularly by Indian Navy with units of friendly foreign navies.

 

VICE PRESIDENT RELEASED BOOK ON APJ ABDUL KALAM

  • The Vice President of India, M Venkaiah Naidu has released the book titled “40 Years with Abdul Kalam- Untold Stories”, a book on the life of the former President of India Dr APJ Abdul Kalam.

 

  • The book was authored by Dr A.Sivathanu Pillai. The book is published by Pentagon Press LLP and the foreword was written by Pranab Mukherjee, former president of India.

 

  • The book provided a first-hand account of the life of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, who was described as the epitome of simplicity, honesty and wisdom.

 

  • Kalam strengthened the Defence sector of India and contributed to the development of India’s space capabilities.

 

  • The book discusses his life events including the events at ISRO, DRDO and BrahMos and his interaction with the power corridors

 

  • Dr A. Sivathanu Pillai has assisted Dr Vikram Sarabhai during the evolution of the ten-year space profiles and worked with Dr APJ Abdul Kalam in Satellite Launch Vehicle-3 (SLV3) and PSLV configuration design and with Satish Dhawan in the study of future ISRO launch vehicles and missions.

 

RANJITSINH DISALE: GLOBAL TEACHER PRIZE 2020

  • Ranjitsinh Disale, a government teacher from Zilla Parishad Primary School, in Paritewadi village, Solapur district of Maharashtra, has won the 2020 Global Teacher Prize. He is the first Indian to win this award, which carries prize money of $1 million (Rs 7.4 crore).

 

  • The 32-year-old has won the annual Global Teacher Prize 2020 in recognition of his efforts to promote girls’ education in his village and trigger a quick-response (QR) coded textbook revolution in India.

 

  • He made efforts and added QR codes to textbooks of primary classes to provide links to audio poems, video lectures, stories and assignments.

 

  • He also worked towards education for girls and teaching people about the ill-effects of teenage marriage and even helped to achieve 100% attendance of girls.

 

  • Ranjitsinh has also created history by announcing to share half the prize money with the nine finalists from across the world for the award, where each one will receive about $55,000 each. He also becomes the first winner to share the prize money with the finalists.

 

  • The Global Teacher Prize is an annual prize founded by the Varkey Foundation in 2014 to recognise an exceptional teacher who has made an outstanding contribution to the profession. The award is given in partnership with

 

  • UNESCO headquarters: Paris, France.
  • UNESCO Head: Audrey Azoulay.
  • UNESCO Founded: 16 November 1945.

 

GITANJALI RAO: KID OF THE YEAR BY TIME MAGAZINE

  • The Indian-American young scientist and inventor, Gitanjali Rao, has been named as the first-ever ‘Kid of the Year’ by the iconic TIME magazine.

 

  • This is the first time that the TIME magazine has launched the Kid of The Year” award.

 

  • The 15-year-old Gitanjali Rao was chosen from among more than 5,000 nominees, for her “astonishing work” using technology to tackle issues ranging from contaminated drinking water to opioid addiction and cyberbullying.

 

  • She has created applications named ‘Kindly’ to help people, especially kids, fight opioid addiction and cyberbullying.

 

  • TIME magazine had partnered with Nickelodeon and searched social media and school districts across the country to shortlist the most influential child of 2020.

 

  • TIME magazine Headquarters: United States.
  • TIME magazine Editor: Edward Felsenthal.

 

FORMER PM OF PAKISTAN PASSED AWAY

  • The 15th Prime Minister of Pakistan, Zafarullah Khan Jamali passed away.

 

  • He served as PM from November 2002 to June 2004 for duration of 1 Year, 7 Months and 3 days. He is the first politician from Balochistan to become Prime Minister.

 

  • Jamali served the country when former military dictator Pervez Musharraf was the President of the country.

 

  • As PM, Jamali vowed to sign a peace agreement and cease-fire in the disputed Kashmir region. In 2004, Jamali made the first high-level visit from Pakistan to Afghanistan after the fall of the Taliban government in 2001.

 

INTERNATIONAL VOLUNTEER DAY: 5TH DECEMBER

 

  • The International Volunteer Day (IVD), also called International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development is observed on 5 December every year.

 

  • IVD 2020 Theme: “Together We Can Through Volunteering”. The IVD international observance was mandated by the UN General Assembly in 1985.

 

  • The purpose of the day to celebrate the efforts of volunteers and organizations and offer the opportunity to promote volunteerism.

 

  • It encourages governments to support volunteer efforts and recognize volunteer contributions to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at local, national and international levels.

 

WORLD SOIL DAY 2020: 5TH DECEMBER

 

  • The World Soil Day is celebrated every year on December 5 to raise awareness of the importance of soil quality for human well-being, food security and ecosystems.

 

  • The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) campaign “Keep soil alive, protect soil biodiversity” aims to raise awareness of the importance of sustaining healthy ecosystems and human well-being.

 

  • The date of 5 December was chosen because it corresponds with the official birthday of the late M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand, who was one of the main proponents of this initiative.

 

  • An international day to celebrate Soil was recommended by the International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) in 2002.

 

  • Under the leadership of the Kingdom of Thailand and within the framework of the Global Soil Partnership, FAO has supported the formal establishment of WSD as a global awareness-raising platform.

 

  • The FAO Conference unanimously endorsed World Soil Day in June 2013 and requested its official adoption at the 68th UN General Assembly. In December 2013, the UN General Assembly responded by designating 5 December 2014 as the first official World Soil Day.

 

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