Read : Current Affairs: 3rd , 4th December, 2020

Posted on :- 2020-12-05 16:24:19
Source :- The Hindu Newspaper

 

                              current affairs(3RD & 4TH DECEMBER)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UK PM BORIS JOHNSON as CHIEF GUEST AT REPUBLIC DAY

 

  • United Kingdom Prime Minister, Boris Johnson is expected to be the chief guest at 2021 Republic day with Prime Minister Narendra Modi formally inviting him.

 

  • Johnson, on his part, has invited PM Modi to the G-7 summit in the United Kingdom next year. The last British prime minister at the Republic Day parade was John Major in 1993.

 

  • Indo–British relations refer to international relations between the Republic of India and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. India has a high commission in London and two consulates-general in Birmingham and Edinburgh.

 

  • The United Kingdom has a high commission in New Delhi and five deputy high commissions in Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Kolkata.

 

  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations. The United Kingdom has an Indian population of over 1.4 million.

 

  • Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom David Cameron described Indian–British relations as the "New Special Relationship" in 2010.

 

IOCL LAUNCHES INDIA'S FIRST OCTANE PREMIUM PETROL

 

  • Union Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas and Steel, Dharmendra Pradhan launched India’s first indigenously developed ‘100 Octane premium petrol’ through video conferencing.

 

  • Octane ratings are measures of fuel stability that increases engine efficiency. The high octane premium grade petrol will be marketed under the brand ‘XP-100’.

 

  • It has been developed by Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) at its Mathura refinery in Uttar Pradesh.

 

  • XP-100 will be made available in a phased manner across the country and in the first phase, it will be made available in 10 cities.

 

  • The cities are Delhi, Gurgaon, Noida, Agra, Jaipur, Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Mumbai, Pune and Ahmedabad.

 

  • With this launch, India has joined a select league of nations globally that have such superior quality fuel. Till date, such quality of fuel is available only in six countries including USA, Germany, Greece, Indonesia, Malaysia and Israel.

 

  • Indian Oil Corporation Limited Chairperson: Shrikant Madhav Vaidya.
  • Indian Oil Corporation Limited Headquarters: New Delhi.
  • Indian Oil Corporation Limited Founded: 30 June 1959.

 

NEW ZEALAND DECLARES CLIMATE EMERGENCY

  • New Zealand has declared a “climate emergency” and promised to make its public sector carbon neutral by 2025.

 

  • New Zealand now joins 32 other countries that have declared a climate emergency. They include Japan, Canada, France and the United Kingdom.

 

  • Prime Minister of New Zealand, Jacinda Ardern told legislators that the climate emergency declaration was “an acknowledgement of the next generation – an acknowledgement of the burden that they will carry if we do not get this right and do not take action now”.

 

  • Prime minister of New Zealand: Jacinda Ardern.
  • Capital of New Zealand:

 

CYCLONE 'BUREVI' HITS NORTHERN SRI-LANKA AND INDIAN REGIONS

  • The Deep Depression formed over the southeast and adjoining the southwest Bay of Bengal has intensified into a Cyclonic Storm ‘Burevi’ over southwest Bay of Bengal.

 

  • It is about 240 km east-southeast of Trincomalee (Sri Lanka), 470 km east-southeast of Pamban (Tamil Nadu) and 650 km nearly east-northeast of Kanniyakumari (Tamil Nadu).

 

  • The name of Cyclone ‘Burevi’, has been contributed by the Maldives. This is the second cyclone formed in the southwest region of the Bay of Bengal within a week.

 

  • Cyclone Alert has been issued for South Tamilnadu and South Kerala coasts by the India Meteorological Department (IMD).

 

9TH EDITION OF THE INTERNATIONAL SAND ART FESTIVAL

 

  • The 9th edition of the International Sand Art Festival and the 31st edition of the Konark Festival has kicked-off in Odisha.

 

  • International Sand Art Festival is being held at the Chandrabhaga Beach of Konark in Puri district of Odisha. About 70 artists from across the country are taking part in the festival.

 

  • The world-renowned sand artist and Padmashree Awardee, Sudarsan Pattnaik, has been appointed as Chief Curator of the festival.

 

  • The festival is organised every year as part of the Konark Dance Festival, to provide a platform for both national and international sand artists to showcase their talent.

 

  • However, in 2020 international artists are not participating due to the ongoing global Covid-19 pandemic.

 

  • Meanwhile, the Konark Festival is organised by Odisha Tourism to showcase the best of India’s traditional and classical dance forms, and offer interesting insights into the rich cultural heritage of the country.

 

RAJEEV CHAUDHARY APPOINTED AS 27TH DG OF BRO

  • Lt Gen Rajeev Chaudhary has been appointed as the 27th Director General of Border Roads Organisation (BRO).

 

  • His appointment is effective from 1st December 2020. Lt Gen Chaudhary succeeds Lt Gen Harpal Singh who has been appointed as the new Engineer-in-Chief of the Indian Army.

 

  • The BRO is responsible for construction and maintenance of all border roads including those along the frontiers with China and Pakistan.

 

  • BRO Headquarters: New Delhi.
  • BRO Founder: Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • BRO Founded: 7 May 1960.

 

 

INTERNATIONAL DAY OF PERSON WITH DISABILITIES

  • The International Day of Persons with Disabilities is observed annually on December 3.

 

  • The IDPWD day was proclaimed in 1992 by the United Nations General Assembly. The 2020 theme: ‘Not all Disabilities are Visible’.

 

  • The day is celebrated to promote the rights and well-being of persons with disabilities in all spheres of society and development, and to increase awareness of the situation of persons with disabilities in every aspect of political, social, economic and cultural life.

 

  • United Nations Secretary-general: António Guterres.
  • United Nations Headquarters: New York, United States.
  • United Nations Founded: 24 October 1945.

 

DAWID MALAN ATTAINS HIGHEST EVER POINTS IN T20i

  • Dawid Malan of England has attained the highest-ever rating points for batsmen in the MRF Tyres ICC Men’s T20I Player Rankings.

 

  • The 33-year-old Malan has reached 915 points, and thus became the first player to cross the 900-point mark in the format.

 

  • Before him, Australia’s Aaron Finch reached exactly 900 points in July 2018. Babar Azam (871) of Pakistan and Aaron Finch (835) of Australia is second and third in the list.

 

  • India’s KL Rahul is at fourth position, while Virat Kolhi’s rank has dropped to 9th in the list.

 

RELIANCE INDUSTRIES TOPPED FORTUNE 500 LIST 2020

 

  • Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) has topped the 2020 Fortune 500 list of Indian companies, The revenue of RIL clocked Rs 615,854.00, accounting for 7% of cumulative revenues and 11 per cent profit of the companies.

 

  • The country’s biggest oil firm, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd (IOC), bagged the second spot, followed by Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) at the third position.

 

  • The list was published by Fortune India, which is part of the Kolkata-based RP Sanjiv Goenka Group.

 

  • Here is the list of top 10 companies on the 2020 Fortune India-500 list:

 

 

  • Reliance Industries
  • Indian Oil Corporation
  • Oil and Natural Gas Corporation
  • State Bank of India
  • Bharat Petroleum Corporation
  • Tata Motors
  • Rajesh Exports
  • Tata Consultancy Services
  • ICICI Bank
  • Larsen & Toubro

 

 

OWNER OF MDH MASALA DHARAMPAL GULATI PASSES AWAY

  • The owner of MDH Masala, Dharampal Gulati passed away. He was born in 1923 in Sialkot, Pakistan.

 

  • He was fondly called ‘dalaji’ and ‘Mahashayji’. A school dropout, Dharampal Gulati joined his father’s spice business in the early days.

 

  • Back in 2019, the government honoured him with Padma Bhushan, the third-highest civilian award in the country.

 

  • Gulati officially established the company in 1959. The business did not just flourish in India only but Gulati became a distributor and exporter as well.

 

  • His company exports Indian spices to various parts of the world including the UK, Europe, UAE, Canda, etc.

 

NATIONAL NAVY DAY: 4TH DECEMBER

  • In India, December 4 is observed as the National Navy Day every year, to celebrate the achievements and role of the naval force to the country. The theme of Navy Day 2020 is “Indian Navy Combat Ready, Credible & Cohesive”.

 

  • The day is marked in recognition of the launch of Operation Trident during the Indo-Pakistan war in 1971.

 

  • During Operation Trident, on December 4 in 1971, the Indian Navy sank four Pakistani vessels and also killed over 500 Pakistani Navy personnel, meanwhile, the Indian side suffered no losses.

 

  • The Indian Navy is the marine branch of the Indian Armed Forces and is led by the President of India as Commander-in-Chief.

 

  • The Maratha Emperor, Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhosle of the 17th century is considered as “Father of the Indian Navy”.

 

  • Chief of Naval Staff: Admiral Karambir Singh.
  • Indian Navy Founded: 26 January 1950

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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